Abnormal Psychology

1885 Words8 Pages
It’s human nature to wonder why we act the way that we do and why things

happen. So many scholars over the years have come up with numerous theories in order

to categorize the things that are known and explanations of what it all means. Life is full

of trials and tribulations and those who study maladaptive behavior usually focus on the

thoughts, feelings, perceptions, and skills one uses during daily living.

Feelings, thoughts, perceptions and skills all combine to aid in creating our mental

states and lead to behavioral abnormalities. Thoughts are made up of ideas, concepts and

the internal dialogue a person has within their mind. Perceptions are how one interprets

incoming sensory signals through processing and organizing the information. Feelings

are simply subjective states including happiness or sadness. Skills are the basic

capabilities a person has including intelligence, memory, attention and language (Sarason

& Sarason, 2005, p.45).

Clinicians and researchers use both formal and informal theories to analyze and

explain behaviors, and to also aid in deciding how to treat each individual effectively.

There are currently six theoretical perspectives that are used quite prevalently today: the

biological perspective, the psychodynamic perspective, the behavioral perspective, the

cognitive perspective, the humanistic-existential perspective and the community-cultural

perspective (Sarason & Sarason, 2005, p.46).

The biological perspective revolves around the idea that a disturbance in the body

is responsible for every physical or behavioral disorder. The biological viewpoint also

assumes that all maladaptive behavior is caused by a disordered body part or function.

The biological perspective may also po...

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...ge, he was never going to mature and

change. Maybe today having lost the best person in his life who truly cared for him and

loved him deeply, he can see the err of his ways. In leaving him, I told him I only hoped

he had learned from his mistakes, too, and treated the next person to come along with

complete honesty and respect. Today I am in the most amazingly perfect relationship

with my soulmate and tell myself that perhaps I had to experience the absolute worst to

appreciate the best. I am lucky.

References

Nystul, Michael S. (2006). Introduction to counseling: an art and science perspective

(3rd Ed.). Boston: Pearson Education, Inc.

Sarason & Sarason, (2005). Abnormal psychology, the problem of

maladaptive behavior (11th ed.). Upper Saddle River: Pearson Prentice Hall

www.dsmivtr.org

http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/List_of_ICD-9_codes

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