The story somewhat resembles Gilman’s shocking personal biography, namely the rest cure she underwent under the watchful eye of Dr. Silas Weir Mitchell in 1887, two years after the birth of her daughter, Katherine. Superficially, the rest cure the narrator in "The Yellow Wallpaper" endures loosely replicates Gilman’s personal anguish as she underwent such a treatment. More complexly, however, the story both accentuates and indirectly criticizes the oppression women faced in both marriage and motherhood. Within the story itself, the progression ... ... middle of paper ... ...nth century and remains as reminder of the progression women experienced since that time. Works Cited Sandra M. Gilbert and Susan Gubar, The Madwoman in the Attic: The Woman Writer and the Nineteenth-Century Literary Imagination (New Haven: Yale University Press, 1979) Gilman, Charlotte Perkins, Thomas L. Erskine, and Connie L. Richards.
In Rose Terry Cooke's "How Celia Changed Her Mind," it is suggested that a married woman is nothing more than someone who is obligated to fulfill domestic responsibilities and duties. Mrs. Celia begins to understand and realize that the image she had of marriage being an equal partnership between the two parties is very uncommon, as illustrated in the following lines: "...she discovered how few among [women] were more than household drudges, the servants of their families, worked to the verge of exhaustion, and neither thanked or re... ... middle of paper ... ...his reiterates the fact that men thought women were incapable of caring for themselves. Nora and the women of the nineteenth century have overcome many obstacles as women to develop individuality. Despite the many oppressions in a masculine society forced upon them, the women were willing and able to rise above them. If things are different now, it is due to the growing individualism of the women during the nineteenth century.
Canterbury Tales. London. • Radek, K. M. (2008, April 21). Women in Literature. Retrieved February 25, 2014, from Women in the 19th Century: http://www2.ivcc.edu/gen2002/women_in_the_nineteenth_century.htm • Wojtczak, H. (2008).
Print Tompkins, Jane. In Sensational Designs: The Cultural Work of American Fiction, 1790–1860. New York: Oxford University Press, 1985. Print Smith Gail K. The Sentimental Novel: The Example of Harriet Beecher Stowe. The Cambridge Companion to Nineteenth-Century American Women's Writing, Cambridge University Press, 2001, Print Stowe Harriet Beecher, Uncle Tom's Cabin.
During the late nineteenth century, the time of protagonist Edna Pontellier, a woman's place in society was confined to worshipping her children and submitting to her husband. Kate Chopin's novel, The Awakening, encompasses the frustrations and the triumphs in a woman's life as she attempts to cope with these strict cultural demands. Defying the stereotype of a "mother-woman," Edna battles the pressures of 1899 that command her to be a subdued and devoted housewife. Although Edna's ultimate suicide is a waste of her struggles against an oppressive society, The Awakening supports and encourages feminism as a way for women to obtain sexual freedom, financial independence, and individual identity. Feminism is commonly thought of as a tool for educating society on the rights of women.
“Women have the domestic lifestyle and men have the public lifestyle” (McKee 9). McKee explains how women are given their roles to take care of children and the home because of the title of a mother. Women weren’t considered emotionally stable to be the provider in the family in the nineteenth century. (9) McKee defines the term masculinity as being characterized by dominance and aggression, whereas femininity being passive and submissive. “During these time periods if men or women switched these traits it was known to be unacceptable and inappropriate” (McKee 33).
McKnight, Natalie. Suffering Mothers in Mid-Victorian Novels. New York: St. Martin’s, 1997. Shiman, Lillian Lewis. Women and Leadership in Nineteenth-Century England.
During the 19th century, it was traditional and common sense that women were subordinate to men in terms of status and opportunities. Women had no rights and men dominated their lives and everything in it. However, Kate Chopin, a woman herself, writes a story about an ill woman who yearns to be free from her husband’s grasp. Chopin’s short story, “The Story of an Hour”, written in 1894, can best be understood by considering the cultural and historical background, the author’s life, the irony, symbolism, and other literary devices within the story, and the final insight the story leaves the readers to reflect on. An insight into “The Story of an Hour” can be perceived by examining the cultural setting of the story.
Gender Theory of "The Yellow Wallpaper" "The Yellow Wallpaper", by Charlotte Perkins Gilman, is a short story often regarded as a feminist classic. Because of this, critics tend to analyze the text through the perspective of a gender theorist. This critical lens is additionally relevant in that, it helps to exhibit examples of subtle misogyny that was common in the time the work was written, while at the same time showing how it was still very feminist for its time period. Specifically, one can find that the unnamed narrator of the short story succumbs to madness as a result of being too heavily oppressed by the patriarchal society in which she resides. One can also find that the author intended to make a feminist statement in writing "The
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