In important respects, the great witch hunts began with the invention of the stereotypical witch in texts by professional demonologists. Prior to the publication of these texts, there was already widespread belief in magic both harmless and malicious. But not until the practice of magic became a religious warfare between God and his enemy the devil did community concerns about the practice of magic evolve into the desperate, sadistic trials that occurred in the 16th and 17th centuries, and the idea that witchcraft was a reality rather than a myth suddenly made a comeback. Trials of individual witches in early modern Europe always began with specific accusations brought against a supposed witch by one or more of her neighbours. When the printing press was invented, writings could be distributed around Europe.
The accusers acted with agony and acted to be forced by an unseen power to mimic the movement of the witch. “On Monday, the 21st of March, they decide her examination of Corey.” She ended up denying the charges and that they could not prove it so they sent her to jail (The Salem Witch Trials, 1692). After all of this, the aftermath of the accused, Governor Phipps after his own wife being questioned for witchcraft, prohibited further arrests, released many accused witches and dissolved the Court of Oyer and Terminer on October 29. By May 1693, he pardoned all who were in prison on witchcraft charges. But the damage had been done; 19 were handed on Gallows Hill, a 71- year old man was pressed to death, and the rest of them died in jail waiting to be
The Salem Witchcraft Trials of 1692 The Salem witchcraft trials of 1692, which resulted in 19 executions, and 150 accusations of witchcraft, are one of the historical events almost everyone has heard of. They began when three young girls, Betty Parris, Abigail Williams and Ann Putnam began to have hysterical fits, after being discovered engaging in forbidden fortune-telling (not dancing naked in the woods) to learn what sorts of men they would marry. Betty's father, the Reverend Samuel Parris, called in more senior authorities to determine if the girls' affliction was caused by witchcraft. Although Betty was sent away fairly soon, and did not participate in the trials, the other girls were joined by other young and mature women in staging public demonstrations of their affliction when in the presence of accused "witches." The events in Salem have been used as a theme in many literary works, including the play by Arthur Miller which we are going to read during this unit.
The Salem Witch Trials were smaller in comparison to those in Scotland, France, or Germany (Hall 3). Though the trials in Salem were smaller, people recognize the Salem Witch Trials as one of the worst times in American history (“Witch Madness” 4). The Puritans believed that the Devil was alive in their community (“Witch Madness” 2). The accusations started in February 1692 in Salem Village, Massachusetts when young Puritan girls were found using magic. The Salem Witch Trials began when Betty Paris, Abigail Williams, and some of their friends began to act strange with odd fits (Hall 1).
Because there were rasistism then, she was considered a witch because of her race. When Sarah Good was on court, she claimed innocent, but no one believed her. The girls who were attacked by specters screamed in pain, ... ... middle of paper ... ...t they are lying, but the other girls who lied claimed that the girls who said the truth where witches too, so the truth tellers said that they are innocent and was saved. This adversity I compromised was caused by pressure from other villagers. Imagine five students who claim that their money was stolen by someone in the school.
When Elizabeth Parris and Abigail Williams, Reverend Samuel Parris's daughter and niece, started to exhibit strange behavior including convulsive seizures, screaming, and trances, (Oliver par. 2) and the doctor declared that the girls were under the influence of the devil, the townspeople believed him. This could be because there was an Indian War ranging less than seventy miles away, and with many refugees from the war were in tha... ... middle of paper ... ...uring the McCarthy hearings, people were prosecuted for being communists even without valid proof just as in the two witchcraft crazes, people were prosecuted for being witches without valid proof. All three were caused mainly of fear of the so-called evil. During a time of crisis, people turn to extreme solutions.
Salem Witchcraft Witchcraft accusations and trials in 1692 rocked the colony of Salem Massachusetts. There are some different views that are offered concerning why neighbors decided to condemn the people around them as witches and why they did what they did to one another. Carol Karlsen in her book The Devil in the Shape of a Woman and Bernard Rosenthal in Salem Story give several factors, ranging from woman hunting to shear malice, that help explain why the Salem trials took place and why they reached the magnitude that they did. The theories put fourth by Karlsen of a society that accusations against women as witches explain the trail, and Rosenthals ideas of discourse in the community are supported or partially disproved by the documents that are presented by Paul Boyer and Stephen Nissenbaum. The different motivations and reasons for witch accusations are exhibited in the fitting the profile of a witch, the belief in the accusers and guilt by association, the actions of the Putnam family, and the disagreements and discourse in the community.
“Before the outbreak at Salem Village, trials for witchcraft had been fairly common events in colonial America, but they had not invariably resulted in executions or even in conviction.” The other reason the trials are so famous, is the highlight of this paper about proving that the trials were just an act put on by the children who started this outbreak. “Only in 1692 did the accusations multiply so quickly and develop an entire community.” On February the 29, 1691/1692, the warrant for the arrest of Sarah Good was handed to Constable George Locker, who would go to the home of William and Sarah Good and arrest her. It was written in her warrant, that she had displayed witchcraft on the children of the village: Elizabeth Paris, Abigail Williams, Anne Putnam, and Elizabeth Hubert were the children involved. An interesting point however, is that the children did not make the complaint to the courts. It was the fathers and relatives of Joseph Hutchinson, Thomas Putnam, Edward Putnam, and Thomas Preston that went to the courts and made the complaint for the children.
Crops failure, dying livestock, strange illnesses, or injuries were often believed to be the result of a spell cast by a witch or a neighbor practicing witchcraft in retaliation resulting from an argument over land boundaries, an unpaid favor, or other insignificant civil matters. “Witches” were accused of “pricking, pinching, or choking” their accusers without actually being physically present or “appearing as an apparition” as in the case of Elizabeth Hubbard against Tituba Indian (Godbeer 90). Men, women, and children were accused of being witches; however, women were more often the accused. Any sarcastic remark or spiteful comment said in private, public, or social circles, would sometimes manifest into an accusation of a spell or curse cast upon an unsuspecting
Elizabeth, John’s wife, fired her once she found out about it. Skipping through the scenes to Tituba’s part. Reverend Hale, who examined Betty, were very suspicious of the whole situation and questioned Tituba. Tituba confesses that she was communicating with the devil. Then Abigail confessed that she have seen the devil communicating with other town folks and then Betty start naming people that may be involve in witchcraft, which really made the whole town go crazy.