A Change of Tides in America's Greatest War

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"Midway thrust the warlords back on their heels, caused their ambitious plans..........to be canceled, and forced on them an unexpected, unwelcome, defensive role". -Samuel Elliot Morison, the United States Navy's official historian of World War II, on the Battle of Midway in June 1942. The danger of Japanese power in the Pacific lingered over the heads of the Americans and endangered the safety of their homeland in the years from 1903 to 1942. That power lasted until the Japanese made the mistake of attacking the island of Midway in the second great carrier battle of the war. At 4:30 in the morning on June 4, 1942, the Japanese attacked the U.S. naval base at Midway in an attempt to destroy their aircraft carriers that escaped Pearl Harbor. During this battle many damages were sustained, especially for Japan. After the Americans emerged victorious, the whole course of the war was changed. The Battle of Midway was the major turning point in the Pacific War during World War II because it stopped Japanese advancement into the Pacific Ocean and put Japan's navy on the defensive.

Before the bombing of Pearl Harbor and the U.S. declaring war on the Japanese, Japan had naval control throughout most of the Pacific Ocean, along with other aspects of war. Back in 1904 and 1905, Japan defeated Russia in the Russo-Japanese war (Torres 43). As a result of this win, Russia evacuated Manchuria, giving Japan control of the area. It also led to Korea being annexed to Japan in 1910. Then, in 1937, Japan waged a full-scale war on China and ended up taking control of most of the Eastern part of the country. These actions, among others, led to many more acquisitions of different territories and islands in the Pacific Ocean. Their i...

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