The theme of the breakdown of civilization toward savagery emphasizes the struggle between the ruling elements of society which include law, morality, culture and the chaotic elements of humanity's savage instincts which include anarchy, bloodlust, amorality, selfishness and a desire for power. The book implies that civilization is a veneer, which can be easily pierced to reveal the brutality of human nature. Golding's main representation of the conflict between civilization and savagery is through the characters in the novel. Ralph, the protagonist and Piggy are both symbols for morality and leadership, whilst the antagonist, Jack and his right hand man Roger are symbols for the desire for power, selfishness and amorality. Jack cannot at first bring himself to kill a... ... middle of paper ... ...savage instincts lurking within all human beings, even at the height of civilization.
Afraid New World Aldous Huxley’s “Brave New World” highlights the theme of society and individualism. Huxley uses the future world and its inhabitants to represents conflict of how the replacement of stability in place of individualism produces adverse side effects. Each society has individuals ranging from various jobs and occupations and diverse personalities and thoughts. Every member contributes to society in his or her own way. However, when people’s individuality is repressed, the whole concept of humanity is destroyed.
The emphasis on the word ‘you’ provides the citizens to obtain with a false sense of power. It is also a motif that repeats throughout the novel. Yet, it can be said that the world controllers corrupt the minds of citizens through the extensive conditioning so that they do not realise they are being used as products or ‘slaves’ of the fictional World State, thus presenting how political ideologies have the ability to suppress individuals. The hypnopadeic slogan “everyone works for everyone else” emphasises the loss in individuality and humanity in the World State. Furthermore, the religious connotation of, “Christianity without tears-that’s what
Fahrenheit 451 candidly hosts criticism to the rule of totalitarian government, realised through the subordination of individual (and thus conflicting) ideals. The Hunger Games depicts a political and scientific utopia in the Capitol; an idyllic city that exists in the deprivation of freewill. Through representation of pertinent social themes, Bradbury and Collins expose the defective concepts of utopia that ultimately undermine their establishment in reality. Within any idyllic society, power and control must ensure the ideals of individuals are kept within acceptable bounds – a form of political correctness. Ray Bradbury‟s Fahrenheit 451 is a cynical prognostication of this ideal.
In Adventures of Huckleberry Finn, Mark Twain shows how ridiculous it is to follow society’s corrupt beliefs just because everyone else is. Twain uses the protagonist, Huck’s, adventures as he grows and matures to show this corruption. Huck goes against societal norms to do what he feels is right, even if society says it will send him to Hell. To get this message across, Twain uses frequent examples of satire to show the hypocrisy and corruption within society’s ideals. These satirical examples especially emphasize religion, education, and slavery.
The author manages this by consistently drawing parallels between the state of Ingsoc and that of the Soviet Union. These parallels focus on the dangerous path of dictatorship as both governments they “are not interested in the good of others; [they] are interested solely in power.” (Orwell 301 – 302) Looking solely at the methods of societal control it is evident that Orwell is calling out the communists and drawing the attention of nations to the horror of communist nations as they attempt to control their population. Despite Orwell’s readiness to denounce extreme communism he does not offer any real solution to the issue at hand. He does intimate that maybe the power to overthrow the government lies with the proletariats (89), however he quickly condemns this idea saying that “Until they become conscious they will never rebel and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious” (90) suggesting that if a nation were ever to reach this nightmarish level of totalitarianism they would not even know that they could live differently, and then there would be no
Ultimately both “1984” and “The Handmaids Tale” fulfil the purpose of ominious prophetic texts that have portrayed a dystopian future, a future filled with oppression, corruption and misogyny in the case of The Handmaid's Tale. The governments of Gilead and Oceania have succeeded in brainwashing their citizens by isolating them and attempting to abolish language which would make it impossible for any outcry to be heard or even expressed. Both Atwood and Radford created these texts during times of peril, with the intention of having them serve as ominous reminders of what would become of society if any doctrine was to be enforced by a totalitarian body which withheld all authority without being challenged.
Man’s aggressive nature does tend to overpower the mind, leading to irrational actions. Both Freud’s Civilization and its Discontents and Dostoyevsky’s Notes from Underground show how humans are controlled by their irrational drives and that, as a result, the attempts to create a utopian society are futile. To take a different view of the irrational actions in humans, a cinematic frame of reference was introduced, Joss Whedon’s sci-fi film, Serenity tells of a civilization that has become controlled by aggressive groups, the Alliance and the Reavers. Both factions take the form of an antagonistic society, maintaining a sense in fear in all those who go against or stand in their way. Actions to make a civilized society utopian leads to the creation of a dystopia due to human’s irrational drives.
The one recurring theme within all three texts told by either G-d in Adam and Eve, Big Brother in Nineteen eighty-four, or the Benefactor in We, was that they cannot have both freedom and happiness. Characters in both stories broke authority’s rules and had to be punished. This proves that humans are always selfish and look for different alternatives in order to live in a perfect world. These character relationships with authorities and one another connect very similarly with the story of Adam and Eve. These stories show us that the world is indeed imperfect, and that authority will punish those who rebel, sin or revolt.
The author warns about the dangers of totalitarian havocs and reminds the reader of the dark side of history. Interestingly, Orwell's character not only develops the theme, but also symbolizes places. First, Orwell divides the imaginary superpowers that existed during the cold war, i.e.... ... middle of paper ... ... Winston and Julia were searching for this freedom. Orwell wants the reader to see the disadvantages and the lack of liberty given to the people in the totalitarian society. He wants the reader to see what's going to happen to the freedom of a common man.