Employment decline occurred significantly in the 1930’s. World War 2 and the nation’s desire for widespread change prompted state intervention in relation to unemployment. Unemployment was still in decline in the 1970’s. This was because of the changes in the work place including different types of work available and the capabilities of the labour force for these new jobs, also known as labour market segmentation. The policies of the welfare state also caused a rise in unemployment. In 1971 there were 785,900 people claiming unemployment related benefits and unemployment was confirmed in 1972 at just over one million. (ref). Therefore, an employment policy needed to be introduced to encourage economic growth, regulate employment, provide education and training programmes and a welfare and benefit system.
The first to make main policy responses was the Conservatives led by Margaret Thatcher between 1979 and 1997. They are also known as the New Right Conservatives. Thatcher wanted to ‘Recover our country’. (ref). H...
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...eans there is only 10,000 fewer people unemployed than 2007 when Blair came out of power after making all the policy responses to unemployment and 290,000 more people unemployment than 1979 when Thatcher first came into power.
After reflecting on this evidence and the statistics found the main policy responses have impacted unemployment in the UK slightly, but it is still an increasing issue. Social Policy cannot be implemented without looking at sociology as well. Policy reforms to unemployment also cross over and affect other policy issues such as health and housing. The real way to deal with unemployment is to invest the money into quality jobs instead of schemes as it will encourage economic growth, cut down welfare dependency and will give individuals in the UK a source of welfare and well-being. It will also help tackle to main issue of unemployment.
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