Review of Predictions
The results suggest the first hypothesis was generally not supported as there was no overall effect of framing on care intentions, however, framing successfully manipulated security concerns which were correlated with affordability and lower fairness under the retributive frame and retributive framing increased care intentions under the no fine condition.
The second hypothesis was generally not supported as the fine size did not impact passport care attitudes and intentions. However, large fines were seen as more expensive and less fair (compensation condition). The third and fourth hypotheses were not supported as the results did not find that framing or fine size impacted timely reporting attitudes or intentions. These results reveal that none of the hypothesis are conclusively supported, thus, there is no effect of framing or fine size on passport care and timely reporting.
Relation to Literature
The results of the first and third hypothesis are not supported by the literature as Kurtz, Thomas and Fonseca (2014) found retributive framing resulted in higher behavioral compliance, and in the current study the framing of the fine did not affect passport care and timely repotting attitudes or intentions.
Choo, Fonseca and Myles (2015), and Friedland (1982) also suggested larger fines increase tax compliance; the results in the current study suggested fine size did not influence passport care or timely reporting, thus, hypothesis two and four run counter to these findings. This may be the case as the effect of fine size may not generalizable across contexts.
Although the results do not align heavily with the prior research and the main variabl...
... middle of paper ...
...ve resulted in the difference between the current study and the literature. Therefore, it is suggested in the future that participant behavior be measured.
Lastly, a student population was used (sample bias) which may have affected their perceptions of fine size. Comparison of students with other populations such as working adults has revealed discrepancies between the samples (Choo et al., 2015). This difference may be applicable to the current study as the means of fee affordability (2.39) was well below the average (4), consequently, reducing reporting intentions and increasing care intentions compared to working adults, potentially leading to the lack of significance between the fine sizes. Therefore, it is suggested that either another sample be used (such as working adults) or the amount of the fines be reduced to a level which is more applicable to students
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- The way the media frame issues has a subtle yet significant effect on the general public. Studies have shown that frames can help determine which procedures we find medically necessary (Edwards, Elwyn, Covey, Matthews, & Pill, 2001), can influence our ability to recall critical details of a news story (Valkenburg, 2000), and can even subtly influence elections (Shah, Domke, & Wackman, 1996). Given the impact frames can have on the general public, it is important to have a clear way to conceptualize and measure their effects.... [tags: Framing Effect, Media Bias]
2632 words (7.5 pages)
- I will be addressing the framing of the February 2014 article entitled “A softer side to policing: LAPD squad working to build trust.” In this article, the journalist lays out the signified and the framing to which he will place them in to reshape public opinion. In this framing, the Los Angeles Police and the population of the Jordan Downs Housing Complex are the signified. Scheufele and Tewksbury (2007) shows that “media framing is constructed on the concept of how an issue is portrayed in newspapers can have an influence about the way audience receives the message of the story.” Thus “macro construct, the term ‘framing’ refers to modes of presentation that journalists and other communicat... [tags: Media Framing]
1178 words (3.4 pages)
- Gollust, S. E., Niederdeppe, J., & Barry, C. L. (2013). Framing the consequences of childhood obesity to increase public support for obesity prevention policy. American Journal of Public Health, 103(11), 96-102 The article discusses how framing can come into play by influencing the public’s view on the consequences of obesity. The article then mentions two studies that were being researched; the first study contained 444 participants and examined the public’s evaluation of the strength of 11 messages about obesity consequences as a rationale for government action.... [tags: Obesity, Nutrition, Body mass index]
1182 words (3.4 pages)
- Introduction: Peetz, Buehler, and Britten (Peetz) conducted two experiments to study the effect framing increment length had on the people and their willingness to exercise to determine if viewing exercise in shorter time increments would make exercising a set amount of time appear more manageable and make the participant more willing to commit to the regimen. Peetz hypothesized that people would be willing to take up an exercise regimen if it were presented to them in smaller increments, as opposed to everything at once.... [tags: Physical exercise, Exercise, Participation]
1499 words (4.3 pages)
- In an amusing, lively fictional memoir, "The Worst Intentions" from Alessandro Piperno, thirty-three-year-old narrator, Daniel spends just over three hundred pages describing the confused fortunes of the disturbed, odd Jewish-Italian Sonnino people specially describing father and sons relationships which lacks in communication, social pressure of remaining prestigious part of society. The book begins with Daniel’s description of his grandfather, Bepy, the charmingly insincere head of the Sonnino.... [tags: Piperno Worst Intentions Father Son Relations]
1966 words (5.6 pages)
- Affordable Care Act and the effect on the economy The Affordable Care Act, also called Obama Care, was signed into law by president Barrack Obama, on March 23, 2010 (Erickson, Scott 1). What exactly is the Affordable Care Act. It was a legislation that addressed the idea that all Americans should have access to affordable health care. The act was passed only after intense political battles in Congress, and as the legislation lingers through installment enhancements there is a great deal of doubt developing.... [tags: Obama Care, health care, United States]
1152 words (3.3 pages)
- In the Power of Good Intentions: Perceived Benevolence Soothes Pain, Increase Pleasure, and Improves, there are three major experiments that are conducted to test whether benevolent intensions undergoing stimuli can have a positive effect on how they are perceived (Kurt Gray Social Psychological and Personality Science). These perceived behaviors can be explained from social context and experience, pleasure, taste, and generalizability, benevolence and flexibility to modern research. Topics model the analysis to try and figure out more information in which could contribute to existing one.... [tags: Research, Psychology, Experiment, Intention]
1279 words (3.7 pages)
- My research this week focuses on influencing strategy and the power of framing, (Paroutis, Heracleous, & Angwin, 2013). According to the authors, there are two defined paths of influencing strategy, (Paroutis, et al., 2013). The first pathway was noted as artifact oriented, which uses strategy tools to influence, the second pathway uses action, (Paroutis, et al., 2013). In order for a strategy practitioner to be effective, they must first implement the right tools, (Paroutis, et al., 2013). According to the Bain survey, strategy tools are placed in to three categories from underdeveloped to very effective, (Paroutis, et al., 2013).... [tags: Mind, Thought, Psychology, Power]
1314 words (3.8 pages)
- In this day and age where technology seems to be moving faster than the human mind at times, there is a constant need to keep up with the ever-changing technology innovations and just technology in general. We live in a world where we rely on technology to do a lot of things that makes our lives so much easier to get through. Over the past 20 years digital records have been an invaluable tool for doing research and managing massive amounts of data. Banks and airline companies have managed to completely go electronic and now healthcare institutions are moving in the same direction with Electronic Health record (EHR) systems.... [tags: Electronic health record, Health care, Patient]
1140 words (3.3 pages)
- Comparing Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos de Laclos and Cruel Intentions the Movie It is my intention to compare the book, Dangerous Liaisons by Choderlos de Laclos, to its modern movie version, Cruel Intentions starring Sarah Michelle Gellar. I intend to examine how the original French text was modified in reference to plot, character, morals/values, and themes. I also plan to discuss how these transformations change the meaning of the story and reflect different cultural/historical contexts.... [tags: Dangerous Liaisons Cruel Intentions Movies Essays]
1317 words (3.8 pages)