Intuitive Psychology Essay

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The Intuitive Psychology is linked to the greater capacity exhibited by some people regarding their desires, motives, and beliefs of others, moreover being able to more accurately anticipate reactions as well as behaviours, an intuitive person is a person who has feelings or seemingly acquires knowledge about events, circumstances, or other information, mainly without ordinary sensory input or previous training. Fritz Heider (1958), an Austrian psychologist, argued that people look for regularity and predictability in their world and the ‘intuitive scientist’ within us will build models of common sense beliefs and understandings on the basis of cause and effect models to make sense of our world for example, if we drive a car, we intuitively know that we must obey to road signs, if we get on a train next step will be to pay the train ticket or if we see a person with many tattoos, we intuitively expect him to have a fiery temper, we do presumptions and consequently attribute the behaviour to situations and events which helps us to make sense of our world. Based on his research Heider proposed a psychological theory of attribution, according to which, a person can make two types attributions: 1) internal attribution, the inference that a person is behaving in a certain way because due to personal attributes, such as attitude, character or personality. 2) external attribution, the inference that a person is behaving in a certain way because of the circumstances he or she is surrounded with. The processing of social knowledge, perceiving, thinking, judging and explaining objects, events, relationships and issues in social word is known as social cognition. (Buchanan, et all 2007) Neisser (1976) argued that ‘cognitive psych... ... middle of paper ... ...nal state., the extent to which a person knows about the accuracy of their judgements is referred as calibration, a vital part of making de decision about what is right for you. Motivational biases suggest that our rationality has a self-serving bias to favour judgments which we think suit us. However we are still trying to be rational and logical in our decision making. Cases of intuition are of a great diversity, processes by which they happen typically remain mostly unknown to the thinker, as opposed to our view of rational thinking. In understanding our social world we act as “intuitive scientists”’, the experimental study of social perception and cognition sets out to make generalizations about how people process information, relate, the important motives, meanings and social representations on how each of us processes information and operates in the world.
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