Definition of Low Birth Weight:
According to WHO definition it has been defined as weight at birth of less than 2500 gms (5.5 pounds). That was based on the epidemiological observations that infants weighing less than 2500gms are 20 times more likely to die than heavier babies. [ 4]
Causes of low birth weight:
Many factors affect the duration of gestation and of foetal growth, and thus , the birth weight.
• For the same gestational age girls weigh less than boys, First born infants are lighter than subsequent infants, and twins weigh less than singletons.
• Mother’s nutritional status from pregnancy to birth of the child.
• Women with short stature, women living at high altitudes
• Infections like malaria, HIV or syphilis
• Complication such as hypertension.
• Low socio- economic status. 
Defining the Costs Associated with Low Birth Weight :
• The components of total cost for low birth weight include the costs of the medical care, special education, early intervention, and other support services consumed disproportionately by low birth weight children.
• Additional costs to the family, such as the extra time that parents of sick low birth weight babies devote to their care, are also components of the cost of low birth weight.
• In a cost-of-illness analysis, the different levels of resources associated with an illness or condition such as low birth weight are identified, quantified, and valued in money terms.
• Once they have been quantified and valued, the v...
... middle of paper ...
...oper implementation of policies and programmes achievements can be attained
1. Lewit ME, Baker LS, Corman H, Shiono HP. Journal Issue: [online journal]. Low Birth Weight. Volume 5, number 1,spring 1995 [ cited on 7th April 2014]
2. Park K. A Text book of Preventive and social medicine.19th ed.Jabalpur, banarasidas Banot publishers ; 2007; pg: 495
3. http://nrhm.gov.in/search.html?searchword=pip%20karnataka&ordering=newest&searchphrase=all&limit=20 [Cited on 7th April 2014]
5. http://siteresources.worldbank.org/HEALTHNUTRITIONANDPOPULATION/Resources/281627-1095698140167/Alderman-ReduceLowBirthWeightwhole.pdf [Cited on 7th April 2014]
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Abstract There exist some evidence that poverty can result in low birth weight in newborn infants. On Prince Edward Island, low birth weights are currently the lowest as compared to the national average according to Statistics Canada. However, the link that exist between poverty and low birth weights leaves unanswered questions as to what can be done to reduce these low birth weights in newborn infants. The effect of Poverty on Low Birth Weight in Newborns Receiving good prenatal care is extremely important for an expecting mother.... [tags: Essays on Poverty]
1011 words (2.9 pages)
- ... The Mirena is almost identical to the ParaGard there are just a few slender differences. The Mirena is a birth control which is used for up to five years, and unlike the ParaGard, you need to use condoms for seven days after it is inserted. Mirena contains a low dose of the hormone progestin. The benefits of Mirena consist of a smaller amount of menstrual cramps, it can be used while breastfeeding, and is less likely to discontinue working while other medications are being taken. Mirena side effects may include headaches, lower abdominal or back pain, infection, perforation, acne, breast tenderness, breakthrough hemorrhage, infection, periods may possibly discontinue after one year of us... [tags: pills, condoms, side effects]
658 words (1.9 pages)
- 1. Introduction Cryptorchidism or undescended testis (UDT) is the most common genital disorder identified at birth. The main reasons for treatment of cryptorchidism include increased risks of impairment of fertility potential, testicular malignancy, torsion and/or associated inguinal hernia . Approximately 1% of males have undescended testes, 80% of them are clinically palpable and 20% are non-palpable. The term ‘nonpalpable testes’ implies that they cannot be detected on physical examination; they are either intra-abdominal, absent, vanishing or atrophic .... [tags: Magnetic resonance imaging, Medical imaging]
1789 words (5.1 pages)
- Gynecologists recommend that all women that are without medical or pregnancy complications should exercise on a regular basis throughout their whole pregnancy. The nurse should teach their patient that on average a woman should exercise at moderate physical activity for 30 minutes almost everyday of the week. It is best to start exercising several months in advance of conception so when the woman does get pregnant, exercise will already be a routine and a norm for the body. Regular exercise increases a woman’s health and can be continued after conception (Durham 2014, Hawkins 2014, Petrov 2014).... [tags: Exercise, Obesity, Childbirth, Pregnancy]
899 words (2.6 pages)
- Every pregnant lady is willing to have a healthy baby. But unfortunately due to dome reasons, low weight births, pre births or still births can be happened. Economical, environmental, social, genetics reasons are some of them. This is a severe problem in some countries such as countries in south Asian and African regents; Low child birth is an indicator of the above mentioned aspects of a particular country. A low weight birth is a child birth less than two thousand and five hundred grams (5.5 pounds).... [tags: pregnancy, sri lanka, iron deficiency]
1290 words (3.7 pages)
- Infant Mortality Within the United States Herein I briefly overview the Infant Mortality Rate (IMR) within the United States. Initially, I discuss specific causes of infant death and then, contributing factors which put babies at risk. Next, the distribution of various IMR is surveyed on a state to state basis. States possessing the ten highest infant mortality rates are discussed, including possible reasons for higher IMR. In addition, those states with the ten lowest IMR are mentioned. In conclusion, I consider preventative measures for minimizing the number of babies that die each year.... [tags: Babies Birth Pregnancy Papers]
3172 words (9.1 pages)
- Low Birth Weight Low birth weight (LBW) is a term used to describe infants that are born under 2, 500 grams, or less than five pounds eight ounces. This is a disorder that plagues certain races, age groups, and the poor. Seven percent of all infants who are born in the United States are born too small and eleven percent are born too soon ( Behrman). There are many risk factors that put a mother at risk of having a low birth weight baby, as there are many complications early and later in life for the child.... [tags: Medicine Medical Pregnancy Essays]
931 words (2.7 pages)
- Attention-Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder (ADHD) and Low Birth Weight Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder (ADHD) is characterized as a neurodevelopmental disorder marked by developmentally inappropriate and impairing difficulties with inattention, hyperactivity, and impulsivity (American Psychiatric Association, 2013). ADHD is associated with long-term functional impairments, such as impaired physical and mental health and leads to considerable costs for families and society (Gjervan, Torgersen, Nordahl, & Rasmussen, 2012.) ADHD affects around 5%–10% of school-aged children worldwide (Hechtman, 2011).... [tags: Attention-deficit hyperactivity disorder]
1001 words (2.9 pages)
- How people perceive their weight can have both positive and negative effects. Unfortunately it is more common to have negative effects. Maria Miller (2014) explains in her article, “Rock More Confidence: Sexy is a state of mind. Allow us to explain.,” that having a low self-image is exceedingly damaging to oneself. It not only leads to weight gain but can also cause health problems. Others perceptions can also have a negative effect on an individual’s well being. Perception can have a profound impact on a person’s overall state of being.... [tags: weight discrimination, low self-esteem]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- The Relationship between Low Birth Weight and Disease Later in Life When hearing low birth weight, most people think about premature babies. However, babies sometimes have low birth weights even at full term for various reasons. A baby is considered to have a low birth weight if he or she weighs less than 5.5 pounds. Being born premature or full term with a low birth weight, may increase the risks of disease later in life. First of all, hypertension may be caused by low birth weight that is followed by rapid growth.... [tags: Papers]
469 words (1.3 pages)