Early Cases in Homicide Essay examples

Early Cases in Homicide Essay examples

Length: 580 words (1.7 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Good Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

What is homicide and what are homicidal offenses? Homicide has been defined as the taking of the life of one human being by another. Homicidal offenses vary by degrees of the offense, penalties, and manor in which the offense occurred. These offenses include: First-Degree Murder, Second-Degree Murder, Felony, Justifiable and Excusable Homicide. These are some of the main topics and can be broken down into subcategories within and amongst themselves. Some of the earliest recorded cases of murder date back to the 12th century with the King’s Bench or Queen’s Court in England; we will cover some of the earliest establishments of these laws and/or cases in history.
Many states today categorize murder into two degrees: first and second, but others have even more degrees based upon motive, intent, or time. Although England had established a set of criteria for the definition of degrees of murder, the Pennsylvania Court in the Act of Assembly of 1794 stated, “All murder which shall be perpetrated by means of poison, or by lying in wait, or by any other kind of wilful, deliberate or premeditated killing or which shall be committed in the perpetration or attempt to perpetrate any arson, rape, robbery or burglary, shall be deemed murder in the first degree; and all other kinds of murder, shall be murder in the second degree.” (Loewy, 2009, p. 20). By defining first degree murder as arson, rape, robbery, or burglary only these offenses would be punishable under the penalty of death. Second degree would not be punishable by death and only carry with it a prison sentence.
Maitland & Pollock (2012), “The word felony derived from the Latin word felo, fell, gall-the word for venom.” When it came around to “felon first appears to mean cruel,...


... middle of paper ...


...nses against the person-homicide. St. Paul, MN: West Publishing Co.
First Degree Murder. (2002). In World of Criminal Justice, Gale. Retrieved from http://proxy01.hopkinsville.kctcs.edu/login?qurl=http%3A%2F%2Fwww.credoreference.com/entry/worldcrims/first_degree_murder.
Green, T. A. "The jury and the English law of homicide, 1200-1600.". Ann Arbor, MI: Mich. L. Rev. 74 (1976): 413-499.
Dodd, Mead & Company. (1910). Relativity. In The New International Encyclopedia. (Vol. 10, pp. 173). Cambridge, USA: International Encyclopedia.
Rood, J.A. (1906). A digest of important cases: Offenses against the person. St. Louis, MO: Wahr.
Loewy, A.H. (2009). Criminal law: cases and materials: Homicide. (3th ed.). Dayton, OH: Thomas/West.
Pollock, F., & Maitland, F.W. (2012). The history of English law before the time of Edward 1: Crimes and torts. Indianapolis, IN: Liberty Fund.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Process of a Homicide Case Essay

- I feel that the wounds explain what happened in a story in a wrongful death, it all depends on the wounds and where and when the victim was shot. From the direction of the gunshot; the wounds of Mr. Jones indicate that he was shot in the back and he never saw the suspect coming towards him with a gun, because his back was turned to the suspect. According to Orthman, Hess, “The victim’s background provides information about whether the death was an accident, suicide or homicide. If a homicide, the background often provides leads to a suspect....   [tags: Wrongful Death, Forensics]

Good Essays
937 words (2.7 pages)

Essay about Victoria's New Defense to Homicide Laws

- I INTRODUCTION Since the abolishment of provocation, Victoria’s defensive homicide laws have been viewed as more equal and accessible. Although they are criticized in some aspects, the defensive homicide laws that New South Wales hold are viewed as outdated and gender-bias, therefore leading to the conclusion that Victoria should retain its current law, instead of favoring that in NSW. II DEFENCES TO HOMICIDE IN VICTORIA: PRIOR TO 2005 Prior to 2005, Victoria and NSW shared similar defences to homicide, including that of provocation....   [tags: New South Wales legislature]

Good Essays
1369 words (3.9 pages)

Criminal Responsibility and Homicide Essay

- Criminal Responsibility and Homicide A killing can be either lawful or unlawful. Killings that are lawful are those by the police, armed services and doctors in strictly controlled circumstances. An unlawful homicide is considered to be those of: murder, voluntary manslaughter, involuntary manslaughter, infanticide and death caused by dangerous driving or careless driving. Homicide in criminal law is the killing of a human being by the act, procurement, or negligence of another....   [tags: Papers]

Good Essays
877 words (2.5 pages)

Domestic Violence During The Brutal Homicide Of Secondary School Teacher

- From the brutal homicide of secondary school teacher, Manjit Panghali, of Surrey BC in 2006 by her husband, to Nicole Doucet of Nova Scotia arranging a professional hit on her partner, not even the worlds seventh ranked country in Global Peace can ignore the screams of domestic violence occurring behind closed doors. Although no universal definition is agreed upon, Domestic Violence is perceived as a “range of abusive behaviors that occur within relationships based on kinship, intimacy, dependency or trust The many faces of abuse include physical, sexual, verbal, emotional, financial victimization, and neglect” (Sinha, 2012)....   [tags: Abuse, Domestic violence, Child abuse, Stalking]

Good Essays
1392 words (4 pages)

The Intervention Of Domestic Violence Cases : Civil Restraining Orders And Protection Orders

- Another remedy used to intervene in domestic violence cases is civil restraining orders and protection orders. Courts have permitted victims to avoid the often inadequate criminal process. In the 1970s orders of protection were difficult to obtain because victims had to file for divorce to be eligible. “The early protection orders were limited to prohibiting contact and/or further violence, but today judges have wide discretion to craft remedies and stronger sanctions for violations. (Eigenberg, 2003)....   [tags: Violence, Abuse, Domestic violence]

Good Essays
1336 words (3.8 pages)

Homicide Trends, Prevention, Intervention in Atlanta Essay

- Introduction Homicide has been in existence since the beginning of time. People kill each other daily. In the United States, you are ten-times more likely to be murdered on the day you’re born than any other time in your life (CDC, 2002). For that reason, today’s research suggest that homicide events should not be considered single incidents but as underlying indicators of changes in social and economic conditions including: race, poverty, and social isolation (Parker 2004) and the distribution of handguns (Ludwig & Cook, 2003)....   [tags: Social Issues, Homicide, Justice]

Good Essays
1455 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about Ritual Pollution and Homicide Cases

- ... The Greeks considered this land uncultivated, or improperly cultivated. Therefore, homicide outside of the polis did not have an impact on the citizens inside the city (Endsjø 2003). This only became a problem if the person who committed the act attempted to enter the city, or if parts of the deceased’s body somehow make their way into the city. The latter was a huge problem in Antigone, the play by Sophocles. Creon, the newly crowned ruler of Thebes, leaves the body of his former adversary, Polyneices, unburied outside of city walls....   [tags: ancient Greek rituals, beliefs, asylums]

Good Essays
1814 words (5.2 pages)

Essay on Criminal Behavior : Homicide And Murder

- Homicide/Murder is a very well-known criminal behavior. However, the complexity of this criminal behavior comes from the wide scale from who commits it, why they commit it and how to stop it from being committed. Murder/”Homicide rates in the United States remain among the highest in the Western World. Homicide offenders tend to be also recidivist offenders, often not necessarily in terms of homicide reoffending but in terms of general delinquent recidivism” (Loeber & Ahonen, 2013). People from all walks of life are a part of this criminal behavior, from rich to poor, from white to black, from male and female to old and young....   [tags: Murder, Homicide, Assault, Crime]

Good Essays
2277 words (6.5 pages)

Essay on The Murder Of Criminal Homicide

- On February 14, 2013, South African Olympian, Oscar Pistorius shot and killed his girlfriend, Reeva Steenkamp. The incident took place at their home in South Africa, where Steenkamp was hiding in the bathroom, when three out of the four shots hit her. Pistorius claims that it was an act of self defense, mistaking Steenkamp as an intruder. During his trial, experts questioned the Mental Health of Pistorius. Steenkamp parents added that he had a history of anger problems and breakdowns during the relationship....   [tags: Murder, Homicide, Manslaughter, Law]

Good Essays
1060 words (3 pages)

Essay Self-Defense Legislation

- Self-defense is the right for an individual to use necessary force in order to defend oneself against an unlawful force of another. Therefore, an act that is typically depicted as a crime is not punishable under these circumstances. Joycelyn M. Pollock (2013) pointed out that, “the right to protect oneself, one’s family, and one’s “castle” is a time-honored right that existed before the common law and was recognized by it” (P.101). Under common law, a criminal charge depended upon a showing that the defendant believed force was necessary in order for self protection, upon reasonable grounds, the threat was forthcoming, and the force was not excessively used (Pollock, 2013, 102)....   [tags: harm, fear, danger, legislation, homicide, society]

Good Essays
2360 words (6.7 pages)