Arthur Schlesinger Jr., Special Assistant to President Kennedy, was close to the Kennedy family and upheld President Kennedy as being shrewd and omniscient during the crisis. Schlesinger, in an April 1999 foreword to Thirteen Days, states that Soviet Premier Nikita Khrushchev had “played into Kennedy’s hands” (10) and that President Kennedy was a “remarkably cool, thoughtful, nonhysterical, self-possessed leader” (13). President Kennedy did not have control over to the crisis extent that Schlesinger implies he had as he failed to gain respect from Khrushchev and accepted an agreement that he had no intention of fulfilling.
Relations with Nikita Khrushchev
Though they were both heads of state of the two most powerful nations during the Cold War, Khrushchev did not view President Kennedy as an equal, believing Kennedy to be young and inexperienced. Kennedy had failed to make himself an equal of Khrushchev, and Khrushchev pitied him, calling him “too intelligent and too weak” after meeting with him in Vienna in June 1961 (Dobbs, 36). Kennedy’s poor exchange with Khrushchev at Vienna created a lack of respect from Khrushchev, giving rise to the environment in which Khrushchev felt free to agree to send nuclear weapons to Cuba without fearing retaliation from the United States.
According to Thirteen Days, Soviet Ambassador to the United States Antonin Dobrynin stated that Khrushchev favored Kennedy and did not wish to embarrass him with the 1962 midterm elections approaching (R. Kennedy, 21). However, Operation Anadyr, the Soviet operation that sent nuclear weaponry to Cuba, began 5 months before the midterm election (Fursenko and Naftali, 213). Khrushchev had fooled Kennedy into believing that he would not take...
... middle of paper ...
...n Civil War or the reintroduction of offensive weaponry (Rabe, 718). Kennedy attempted to preserve the right to invade Cuba while publicly agreeing to not invade Cuba at all. This was in violation of the agreement that ended the crisis and threatened to create a new crisis if information leaked that the United States reserves the right to attack Cuba at any given moment. In the end, President Kennedy directly violated the public agreement by utilizing the CIA to take a more aggressive stance against Cuba in the final year of his presidency. He approved underwater attacks on Cuban docks and ships, contacted potential dissenters in the Cuban army, and targeted Cuban oil refineries and power plants (Rabe, 721-22). By the end of his presidency, Kennedy had blatantly disregarded the crisis agreement and risked a nuclear war in order to attempt to remove Castro from power.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- Comparing Imperial Presidency by Arthur Schlesinger and Presidental Power by Richard Neustadt In his book, The Imperial Presidency, Arthur Schlesinger recounts the rise of the presidency as it grew into the imperial, powerful position that it is today. His writing reflects a belief that the presidency is becoming too powerful and that very few people are making a real effort to stop it. He analyzes the back and forth struggle for power between Congress and the Presidency. Schlesinger breaks up the first half of the book chronologically.... [tags: Arthur Schlesinger Imperial Presidency]
2161 words (6.2 pages)
- The Cycles of American History by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. The book The Cycles of American History by Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr. is a very interesting book about the history of America. The book was published by the Houghton Mifflin Company. The author Arthur M. Schlesinger Jr., graduate and professor of history from Harvard College class of 1938, is the son of the famous historian Arthur Schlesinger Sr. Arthur Jr. is known for his books about U.S. presidents and their policies. He served as Special Assistant to the President in John F.... [tags: Schlesinger Communism History]
1102 words (3.1 pages)
- "War does not determine who is right - only who is left." --Bertrand Russell In the middle of the 19th century the United States was engaged in one of the bloodiest conflicts in the history of the nation known as the American Civil War. The U.S. was at war with a first time enemy known as the Confederate States of America. The southern states had succeeded from the Union and with the battle of Fort Sumter, the war had begun. Both the Union and the Confederates had one goal in mind, respectively.... [tags: Union, Confederacy, independence, Europe]
3179 words (9.1 pages)
- Critique of “Fairy Tales” The most well authored articles must have a combination of understanding, organization correct grammar and several other components. These articles ought to have a superb thesis and refer to meta-discourse. All great essays must make the reader feel something whether they agree with the article or not. Arthur Schlesinger Junior’s “What Great Books Do For Children” is not an excellent example of an brilliant essay. It does not have enough development, thesis is not structured well, his arguments are obvious, and his conclusion is incorrect.... [tags: fairy tales, racism, sexism]
1083 words (3.1 pages)
- The only way to become a truly happy person is to surround yourself with the things that make you happy. Setting logical goals and pursuing dreams is going to lead to a successful life. In the play, Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller, Willy, Linda, Biff, and Happy use self-deception as a means to mentally escape the reality of their lives. Biff is the only character who becomes self-aware by the end of the play. He realizes that his whole life has been a lie and that Willy’s standards for Biff’s achievements in life are simply unreachable.... [tags: personal failures, self-deception]
1054 words (3 pages)
- ... Since the US-alliance withdraw its military troops from Afghanistan by the end of 2014, there is an increasing concern that China will fill the power vacuum in Afghanistan as more than 70 percent of oils is imported from the Middle East and Africa . Thus, India views Afghanistan in the context of rivalry with China due to Afghanistan's substantial economic potentials and its buffer state status. At the same time, Nopen claims that China also sees 'Afghanistan as a pawn in its rivalry with India, completing a series of alliance with Pakistan, Sri Lanka and Bangladesh' as both China and India are heavily dependent on energy supplies and resources from other states as the world's major ener... [tags: china, diplomatic power]
1931 words (5.5 pages)
- Arthur Miller’s play “Death of a Salesman”, primarily focuses on the flaws and failures of Willy Loman, Millers’ main character in this story. Willy’s distorted and backward views of the American Dream, paired with his inability to let go of the past lead him down a road of regret and in the end his biggest failure which was his wasted life. Willy Loman is a 60 year old senile salesman who desperately wants to be a successful salesman; however, his ideas about the ways in which one goes about achieving this are very much misguided, just as his morals are.... [tags: arthur miller, american dream, salesman]
556 words (1.6 pages)
- Failures in Death of a Salesman by Arthur Miller Arthur Miller develops a number of significant and central themes throughout the play using techniques such as characterization, setting and language. The best explored theme in the play is the theme of failure and disappointments. 'Death of a Salesman' is a modern day play about a salesman, Willy Loman, his life and his failures in a success driven society and world. He is a victim of "The American Dream" destroyed by false promises and ideals.... [tags: Papers]
990 words (2.8 pages)
- Failure of the American Dream in Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman is a story about the dark side of the "American Dream". Willy Loman's obsession with the dream directly causes his failure in life, which, in turn, leads to his eventual suicide. The pursuit of the dream also destroys the lives of Willy's family, as well. Through the Lomans, Arthur Miller attempts to create a typical American family of the time, and, in doing so, the reader can relate to the crises that the family is faced with and realize that everyone has problems. Willy Loman equates success as a human being with success in the business world. When Willy was a young man, he... [tags: Death Salesman Essays Arthur Miller]
933 words (2.7 pages)
- Success and Failure in Arthur Miller's Death of A Salesman Most people strive for excellence in their lives and aspire to succeed at whatever they complete. Success means many different things to different people. It includes happiness, money, and a career. In Arthur Miller's Death of a Salesman, we follow Willy Loman, the protagonist, as he reviews a life of desperate pursuit of a dream of success. Miller uses many characters to contrast the difference between success and failure within the play.... [tags: Death Salesman essays Arthur Miller]
1687 words (4.8 pages)
- The Day Of My Life
- The Film Spring Breakers Directed By Harmony Korine
- The Ecological Pyramid That Helps Us Classify Organisms By Their Feeding Relationships And Behavior Are Trophic Levels
- Tobacco And Its Effect On The Brain
- The War On Drugs And The Civil Rights Movement
- Gender Inequality And Its Impact On Women