Differences Between Japanese And Female Essay

Differences Between Japanese And Female Essay

Length: 1198 words (3.4 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Spoken gendered language differences are common worldwide, whether or not the differences are explicitly marked (Tsujimura, 2007). Traditionally, scholars in the fields of Japanese linguistics have claimed that there exists a very clear divide between the spoken linguistic ideals of women’s language (joseigo) and men’s language (danseigo). Although slight differences between Japanese male and female speech has been documented since around the 8th century, it was not until the 14th century in which a distinctly separate gendered category was observed with the beginning of nyoubō kotoba, which is the language of the court ladies (Spiridon, 2014). There has been a distinction not simply between male and female spoken Japanese, but also within written language. The prime example of this is the separation between the syllabic hiragana scripts used by women and kanbun scripts that were considered to be more elite. Hiragana script which was given the alternate name onnade (女手、women’s writing) and was widely used by court ladies around the time of its conception in the Heian era, due to Japanese women having lower access to education as compared to Japanese men. Since then, the Meiji Era Government has used the image of the ideal “good wife, wise mother” (ryōsai kenbo, 良妻賢母 ) to emphasise feminine speech among Japanese women (Spiridon, 2014). These feminine ideals for women still influence many aspects of Japanese culture, including modern joseigo. Often times the social roles of each gender are reflected in the ways in which each gender is expected to speak; that is to say, the gendered norms of speech are dictated by gendered norms of behaviour. This is very much the case with joseigo and danseigo in Japanese linguistics. Joseigo and da...


... middle of paper ...


...g to one of the etiquette training courses attended by Dunn, speaking in a way that is easy to understand is also a very important factor in maintaining a kind and considerate image to the listener. Finally, kirei behaviour is very much concerned with the appearance of an employee as the representative of a company; correctly executing a beautiful bow, maintaining posture, speaking with correct nasalisation of ga in second-onset syllables, evading the use of slang, and avoiding contractions that possess glottal stops were listed as some of the many speech and behaviour patterns considered to be kirei and reflecting a sophisticated corporate image (Dunn, 2013). These three conventions of politeness highlight the expectations of social interactions within the formal business environment in Japan, which sets a high bar of politeness as the social norm in that setting.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Depiction of Japanese Culture in Anime and Manga Essay

- Japanese well-known product, anime and manga, have become increasingly popular throughout the whole world. Alverson (2013) have noted that in New York Comic Cons (New York Comic Convention), the amount of people attending the event has been increasing since 2000 (p. 23). Exner (2012) also appreciate the fact that anime has become mainstream form of entertainment (p. 28). So, what are they. In many people’s understanding, anime are Japanese cartoons and manga are Japanese comics. This belief is not wrong, but there are some fundamental differences that differentiate anime and manga from American comics and cartoon....   [tags: Japanese Animation]

Better Essays
2386 words (6.8 pages)

Japanese Culture Analysis Essay

- When most people think about Japan they come up with two opposing images. One image reflects the busy day life of this island; filled with salary man and companies. While the second image features an explosion of colorful LED lights and clubs that are common within the nightlife. Today in present day, Japan has evolved and flourished to become one of the top growing economies and industries in the world. Making Japan a prime and excellent area for jobs to prosper. One of these modern jobs that have flourished is the Hostess lifestyle....   [tags: Japanese Society]

Better Essays
1961 words (5.6 pages)

Essay on Women And Female Students Use Language Differently

- Men and women are not made equal. At least this is what Deborah Tannen believes in her article “How Male and Female Students Use Language Differently.” Tannen is a professor at Georgetown University, and is often highly revered for her work in linguistics. The article is meant to show the differences in communication learned at an early age by boys and girls. However, in the article, Tannen shows lack of direction with thought and evidence that should be apparent in the work of someone on the collegiate level....   [tags: Female, Male, Sex, Gender]

Better Essays
1007 words (2.9 pages)

Gender Equity in Training: Should Female and Male Athletes Train the Same?

- September 20th, 2013 marked the 40th anniversary of Billie Jean King’s climactic victory against Bobby Riggs in an exhibition match nicknamed “Battle of the Sexes”. Throughout her career, Billie Jean King won six Wimbledon singles championships and four U.S. Open titles. She was ranked number one in the world for five years. She defeated many great players, wrote a book, became an advocate for women’s sports. Yet of all the wonderful things that King has done over the years, the one that is remembered most of all is her victory against Bobby Riggs in September of 1973 (Schwartz, 2014)....   [tags: Physical Differences, Testostorone Levels]

Better Essays
2856 words (8.2 pages)

The Empowerment of Japanese Women, through Strong Female Characters of Anime Film

- Within the mediums of popular culture, the representation of women has often been controversial, due to the use of their gender and the attitudes toward them. In a majority of anime themes, the women have been drawn for their sensuality and sexuality constraints. Their role was to be dominated by their male counterparts. It has reinforced the stereotypical role of women which is the passive and sensitive role. Why is popular culture important. It influences the thoughts of the people and shapes their attitudes and behaviours....   [tags: popular culture]

Better Essays
2331 words (6.7 pages)

American and Japanese values system Essays

- Japan and America each have their own value system that draws comparable interest for how it shapes society and patterns of interaction. Even though there are similarities between the two-value systems, it is essential to understand the fundamental differences that deal with equality, respect, and communication style. Understanding the motivations behind behaviors will lead to successful intercultural interactions. Japanese society exhibits a gender base stratification of society. Male dominance over female contributes to upholding norms and expectations of gender specific division of labor....   [tags: compare, contrast, comparison]

Better Essays
1074 words (3.1 pages)

Sexism in the Japanese Language Essay

- In contemporary Japanese, we have distinct difference in how each gender talk. This is constructed in the system of Japanese. Yet, people do not recognize the social differences among gender. This trait must have a historical reasoning behind systematic society. This research tries to study the gender difference in the contemporary Japanese, as well as the history of how the sexist language developed in the society. I chose this topic because I was simply curious in how Japanese people talked. This research gave me an opportunity to examine how different I talk compared to male Japanese speakers....   [tags: gender roles, classism]

Better Essays
1646 words (4.7 pages)

Man’yōshū vs. Kokinshū Impact on Traditional and Contemporary Japanese Writings

- Man'yōshū and Kokinshū are two of the most important anthologies in Japan. Both of them have had great impacts on traditional Japanese poems, as well as contemporary writings. Although both of Man'yōshū and Kokinshū are extant collections of Japanese poetry, they are very different in various aspects. Differences in their forms, techniques, contents, expressions and aesthetic principles are possibly due to the time of completion. By comparing the aforementioned aspects in Man'yōshū and Kokinshū, distinct characteristics of each of them will be ultimately explained and revealed....   [tags: compare, contrast, japanase poem]

Better Essays
1186 words (3.4 pages)

Female Challenges Of Labor Establishment Essay

- Female Challenges to Labor Establishment According to the article from Pearl Jacobs women continue to struggle for acceptance and equality (Jacobs, 2009). Although the career aspirations for women have been expanded during the last fifty years it is still a big challenge for professional women. Previously male dominated fields such as accounting, medicine, law, etc. have been integrated by many women today. The world of business today is very different and the American women roles have changed which lead to a greater participation in the employment sector....   [tags: Gender role, Gender, Role, Gender identity]

Better Essays
1162 words (3.3 pages)

Japan and The United States Differences Essay

- Introduction This report examines differences and similarities of Japan and the United States cultural and presents suggestions for improving cultural. Thus, countries culture can mean comparing and understanding the patterns, interactions, communication and dealings. Moreover, because traditions and business customs have become growing confrontation on behavior in crossing international boundaries, major changes are essential. In addition, to improve culture differences, my recommendations on becoming knowledgeable on country’s business meetings, time, business attire, etiquette and behavior, decision-making styles, women in the workplace, gift giving, handshakes, business cards, English u...   [tags: comparative essay, culture]

Better Essays
1084 words (3.1 pages)