Essay about The Deception Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare

Essay about The Deception Of Hamlet By William Shakespeare

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The Deceit of Hamlet

In the play, Hamlet, written by William Shakespeare many characters use deceit to behave irrationally. Deceit is often used in politics and everyday life to acquire power and success. Irrational behavior of deceit is often shown by characters in Shakespeare’s Hamlet. Hamlet’s and Claudius’ behavior of irrationality stems from their bitter hatred towards each can be explained using principles of behavioral economics.
Shakespeare’s, Hamlet, shows deceit in three ways. The first sign of deceit was shown in Hamlet’s hesitation in killing Claudius and Hamlet’s eventual death in the court. Hamlet tries to deceive everyone into thinking that he was mad when in actuality it was his attempt of trying to drive Claudius mad and make him confess to killing his father. He believes that with this "antic disposition" shown in (1.5.170,172) he can kill Claudius without any consequences, and avenge his father’s death. The second sign of deceit was when Claudius and Polonius hear of Hamlet’s madness, they decide to find out the reason behind it. They spy on Hamlet to figure out why he is acting this way. Through this Claudius learns that Hamlet is dangerous, and a threat to him. The last sign of deceit in Hamlet was how Hamlet’s trickery led to the death of Ophelia and her father Polonius, which later triggered Laertes to seek revenge on Hamlet for causing the death of his family. After several attempts to kill Hamlet fail, Claudius teams up with Laertes and tries to murder Hamlet once and for all. Each of these plans directly or indirectly cause Hamlet’s death.
After Hamlet talks to the ghost of his father, he finds out that Claudius killed him to gain the throne of Denmark. Hamlet has to get revenge by killing Claud...


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...se, requite him for your father."(4.7.135-137). This means that Claudius wants Laertes to duel Hamlet with a sharp pointed sword, and not with a sword that is tipped for safety during dueling. Laertes agrees, but he will also put poison on the tip of the sword so that the smallest scratch will cause Hamlet to die, "I will do 't and for that purpose I 'll anoint my sword. I bought an unction of a mountebank, so mortal that, but a dip a knife in it, where it drowns blood no cataplasm so rare, collected from all simples that have virtue under the moon, can save the thing from death that is but scratched withal."(4.7.138-144). As Laertes and Hamlet duel both of them are wounded with the poisoned sword, when they realize that they will die soon the truth is revealed. Laertes tells Hamlet of the plan he had with Claudius and forgives him for the death of his father.

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