Deng’s administration is also infamous for using force to rule over people, as demonstrated by the events of Tiananmen Square protests in which Deng’s administration sent in massive military force to break up protests in Tiananmen Square, killing thousands of people. Deng’s ideas about stability and unity are best reflected in his comments about the Tiananmen Square, as noted in “Deng explains the crackdown”. In it, Deng reasserts his belief in the rightness of his administration’s actions, exclaiming that “the Communist Party…workers, peasants, intellectuals…” will “surely support our actions.” (“Deng explains the crackdown” 500-6) His justification is based on “resolutely safeguarding stability and unity” and “end[ing] the turmoil swiftly.” Deng, unlike Mao, did not look favorably on actions or events that caused instability, economic or cultural. Deng focused on growing the economy and leading China to a new era of growth rather than on bringing to the forefront class struggles and the possible imperfections of the government. Deng understood that social turmoil as witnessed in the decades of Mao’s leadership was not sustainable and did not contribute to a prosperous future; therefore, he rarely called for passionate revolutionary action from the masses.
Mao, in contrast, frequently called for massive political movements as he saw fit. For example, in his attempt to help keep the party in check by the masses, Mao decided to employ the “Letting a Hundred Flowers Blossom” and “Letting a Hundred Schools of Thought Content” policies. In the “Let a Hundred Flowers Bloom” document, he explains that struggles between clashing sides, like “between democracy and centralism” or even within a group, like “within th...
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...o where it is today. Mao established the People’s Republic of China and lead communism to popularity in China while Deng developed China into the economic superpower it is today. Their views, ideas, and policies differed widely as discussed; however, both shared the commonality of socialism and Marxism, just with different interpretations. Deng’s pragmatic ideas were probably largely shaped by his own observations of Mao’s radical policies and their consequences. Even though Deng’s policies and goals differed with Mao’s, he still recognized Mao as the father of the party and respected his ambitions. Thus, these men are inseparable in history. They can only be taken in context of each other. One cannot truly understand Mao’s failures without seeing Deng’s change in policy, and one cannot fathom how Deng could have formulated his ideology without the influence of Mao.
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