Critical Period For Language Acquisition And A Child Receives No Linguistic Input

Critical Period For Language Acquisition And A Child Receives No Linguistic Input

Length: 720 words (2.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Humans are born with the innate capability and knowledge to learn any language. Children can construct mental grammar easily due to such innate knowledge of language. Mental grammar can be defined as unconscious rules/principles of a language a speaker has in his/her mind. However, the ability to learn language is constrained by critical period, a time period in development when the human brain is prepared to construct a mental grammar. After the critical period, our innate ability to learn language diminishes. Test situations centered on the critical period for language acquisition and the input received during such period is essential in furthering comprehending human language. They shed light on how mental grammar are constructed.
If there is a critical period for language acquisition and a child receives no linguistic input during that critical period, the child would not be able to develop language to fully capacity. This will occur because the child did not receive the linguistic input during the necessary period to learn a language, critical period. However, because all humans have the innate knowledge to learn a language, the child might still be able to learn language to some capacity but not fully. In addition, the input received at a later time would have a decreased effect or no effect on the child’s language. Take the case of Genie, during the critical period needed to learn a language, she was under horrific circumstance. She was tied to a chair in a dark room and did not receive any linguistic input. Unfortunately, Genie 's language learning never approached normality, although she received intensive long-term rehabilitation from psychologists and linguists, (Fromkin et al. 1974; Curtiss 1977). Due to the innatenes...


... middle of paper ...


... child receives full linguistic input only after puberty, theoretically the adolescent would be able to learn language to their full capacity. You will not be able to observe a difference between a child who receives full linguistic input early in childhood and the adolescent who only received input after puberty. This will occur because there is no critical period for language acquisition, therefore they do not have a specific period or age in which they would have to learn language. To be more specific, there will not be any constrains on when language must be learned. In addition, the child is born with the innate knowledge and capacity to learn language. However, no evidence supports such scenario, the reasoning behind this is based solely on logistics.
an innate ability for language, the input and the timing of input for the development of a full mental grammar

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Critical Period Hypothesis of Language Acquisition Essay

- The Critical Period Hypothesis of Language Acquisition "Ahhhhh!" I yell in frustration. "I've been studying Spanish for seven years, and I still can't speak it fluently." "Well, honey, it's not your fault. You didn't start young enough," my mom says, trying to comfort me. Although she doesn't know it, she is basing her statement on the Critical Period Hypothesis. The Critical Period Hypothesis proposes that the human brain is only malleable, in terms of language, for a limited time. This can be compared to the critical period referred to in to the imprinting seen in some species, such as geese....   [tags: Neurological Languages Learning Essays]

Better Essays
1107 words (3.2 pages)

Critical Age in First Language Acquisition Essay

- 1.0 Introduction Language is a set of arbitrary symbols which used for communication. Children will be taught or learn their first language from birth. Sometimes the term native language and the term mother tongue are used to indicate the term first language. Possessing a language is the quintessentially human trait: all normal humans speak, no nonhuman animal does.(Pinker, 2005) Nonetheless, learning a first language is something every child does successfully, in a matter of a few years and without the need for formal lessons....   [tags: Language ]

Better Essays
1878 words (5.4 pages)

Language Acquisition of Genie outside of the Critical Period Essay

- Language acquisition of Genie outside of the critical period The tragic case of feral child Genie provides a unique perspective on the roles of socialization and linguistic exposure as they relate to post-puberty language acquisition. After eleven years of isolation and abuse, Genie was discovered possessing no known language, having already passed what has theorized to be the critical period. Utilizing a variety of methods and testing, professionals attempted to aid Genie in first language acquisition over the next five years with little success....   [tags: roles of socializatin and linguistic perception]

Better Essays
2248 words (6.4 pages)

The Critical Period For Language Acquisition Essay

- Age is a significant reason why young individuals are better language learners than adults. Language acquisition affects an individual by their environment, education, and whether they are second language learners. For instance, a young English speaking American child taking Spanish classes at the YMCA will have a better understanding of the Spanish language in the future due to repetition, mixed culture, media, friends, and other influences. Because the child is growing in knowledge of their native language, they will also be able to grow in the concept of another language especially when dually exposed to both....   [tags: Second language, Linguistics]

Better Essays
1568 words (4.5 pages)

Essay on The Critical Age Of The Children After The Early Age Period

- All of the children came from relatively the same background, but the children after the critical age period unable to fully acquire language demonstrating evidence for the critical period hypotheses based on it’s own amplitude (Ohio State University)(Ponty). Amplitude in the form of the figure on the background when we examine each abstract case with what Edmund Husser would refer to as more looking less theory (Ponty)(Husserl). To get back to the thing them self is to view lanagueage 's amplitude in the form of innate gestures which phenomengioly accounts for....   [tags: Linguistics, Language, Language acquisition]

Better Essays
1786 words (5.1 pages)

A Critical Analysis of Liguistic Imperialism Essay

- ... Does this diffusion of the English language rule affect operations in political and econmical relations. Summary The article claims that English is essential to the globalization processes for economic and political restructuring, but there isn’t a fair chance for everyone to have the opportunity to master the English language. The dominance of English is in various forms of globalization, such as the military operation, and in Hollywood culture. Phillipson acknowledges that the English imperialism is present in modern-day global society, because of the massive English or British culture influenced on a global level through the dominance of English as the lingua franca....   [tags: minority, globalization, english, mobility]

Better Essays
626 words (1.8 pages)

The Components Of An Input Device Essay

- An input device is any device that is connected to a computer and transfers information to react or appear on the monitor screen. Code is translated from the device to the machine. For example, a keyboard connected to a computer through a USB cord will tell the computer what letters or characters should appear on the screen. Some example of input and output devices on a computer are printers, mouse, camera, external drives, internet, microphone, and audio speakers. Storage is where information and documents are stored (computer technology, n.d.)....   [tags: Computer, Integrated circuit, Input device]

Better Essays
1079 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis : Linguistic Determinism

- Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis – Linguistic Determinism Sapir-Whorf Hypothesis is named after two linguists known as Edward Sapir and Benjamin Lee Whorf. Sapir believed that human beings do not live in the society alone and that language of the society makes huge impact on how one views the world. Whorf believes that nature and our native language mold our thoughts and allow us the ability to talk and communicate. Sapir –Whorf Hypothesis states that there are certain thoughts of an individual in one language that cannot be understood by those who live in another language....   [tags: Linguistic relativity, Linguistics, Language]

Better Essays
763 words (2.2 pages)

Linguistic Diversity Of Human Languages Essay

- Languages vary widely but not without limit. The central goal of linguistics is to describe the diversity of human languages and explain the constraints on that diversity. Generative linguists following Chomsky have claimed that linguistic diversity must be constrained by innate parameters that are set as a child learns a language. In contrast, other linguists following Greenberg have claimed that there are statistical tendencies for co-occurrence of traits reflecting universal systems biases, rather than absolute constraints or parametric variation....   [tags: Linguistics, Language, Evolution]

Better Essays
942 words (2.7 pages)

Essay on Gender Inequality : Japan From A Linguistic Perspective

- Gender Inequality in Japan from a Linguistic Perspective Introduction Japan is often described as the most developed, westernised country in Asia and with its economy being the third largest in the world – falling behind the United States and China (Nagano 2014) – it faces many of the same issues those of us in the western world are familiar with. One such issue, not limited to the western world, disadvantages roughly one half of the population, that of sexism and gender equality. Seeing as ideas, beliefs and stereotypes are all spread through language, the Japanese language itself is argued to be the greatest contributor to sexist notions....   [tags: Gender, Feminism, Japan, Meiji period]

Better Essays
1857 words (5.3 pages)