A complete study of 1968 and its legacies in Europe can not solely deal with events that occurred on the continent. 1968 was, in fact, a “global phenomenon”; with ideas perpetrated in Europe reaching as far as Mexico, China, and India, but to name a few . The beginning of this mutualistic relationship between “New Left” groups on different continents (which spawned the revolutionary feeling which would result in the events of 1968), can be seen in Frantz Fanon’s text The Wretched of the Earth; most importantly with regards to the growth of Third Worldism and its inevitable impact on the West. The first chapter of his book Concerning Violence, on display here in the “Third World” section of the exhibition, became a sort of revolutionary handbook for the people of post-colonial Africa (particularly the countries of Algeria and Kenya) and across the world.
In 1961 Fanon, in the last stages of leukaemia, decided to dictate a book which was to become his last offering of post-colonial theory to the world. It would, however, somewhat regrettably, make him the founding father on the subject and the transcribed text, The Wretched of the Earth, an inspiration to many. Fanon obviously believed his work to be of great significance to those at the time; otherwise he would not have been so keen to see it completed before his untimely death. So why did The Wretched of the Earth become such a powerful and emotive piece? If we ...
... middle of paper ...
...don: Penguin Books, 1990.
Bernasconi, R., ‘Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth as the Fulfilment of Sartre’s Critique of Dialectical Reason’, Sartre Studies International, 16.2 (2010), pp. 36-47.
Fairchild, H. H., ‘Frantz Fanon’s The Wretched of the Earth in Contemporary Perspective’, Journal of Black Studies, 25.2 (1994), pp. 191-199.
Gibson, N. C., ‘Relative Opacity: A New Translation of Fanon’s Wretched of the Earth – Mission Betrayed or Fulfilled?’, Social Identities, 13.1 (2007), p. 69-95.
Kalter, C., ‘A Shared Space of Imagination, Communication, and Action: Perspectives on the History of the “Third World”’, in S. Christiansen and Z. A. Scarlett (eds), The Third World in the Global 1960. New York: Berghahn Books, 2013, p. 24.
Need Writing Help?
Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.Check your paper »
- In the second half of the twentieth century, started a process of decolonization, first in Asia and then in Africa. In 1949, India was one of the first country to gain its independence, followed by Burma, Malaysia, and Ceylon. In Africa the decolonization started a few years later, first in Libya and Egypt, and in the rest of the continent afterwards. The main colonists were the Great Britain and France. The history has shown that Great Britain succeeded to decolonize generally in peace while France had much more problems to give up its colonies, which led to numerous conflicts opposing the colonists and the colonized.... [tags: frantz fanon, colonialism, decolonization]
1845 words (5.3 pages)
- In her book Frantz Fanon, Conflicts and Feminisms, Vanderbilt Professor Tracy Denea Sharpley-Whiting provides an illuminating critique of postmodern academic feminism. Through an appropriation of Fanon’s social-democratic vision of liberation, she develops her own approach of a political-conscious, activist feminism squarely grounded in the works of Fanon and other black feminist writers. The first part of the book is dedicated to a discussion of the conflicts that have shaped feminists scholarships over the last decades and serves as an illustration of the conflicts that have shaped modern feminist scholarship.... [tags: Feminism, Feminist theory, Bell hooks]
776 words (2.2 pages)
- Divide and conquer, a technique used by European countries to take land and start to make it their own. These European countries thought it was virtuous to have these Native people, whose land was just taken from them, learn western ways. In today’s terms, this is called colonization, and in Fanon, Frantz’s novel, The Wretched of the Earth (1961), he described colonialism and the different aspects to promote decolonization. Frantz Fanon, who was born in Martinique, came from a lower class family and received a colonial education.... [tags: Colonialism, Postcolonialism, Colony, Social class]
978 words (2.8 pages)
- Frantz Fanon grew up in a well off family in French colonial Martinique. He was schooled in France and became a psychiatrist. After volunteering for the free French army during the Second World War, Fanon spent a number of years in the French colony of Algeria before and during the revolution (Zaidi). Because of his life and education, Fanon had a unique perspective to criticize and deconstruct colonialism and decolonization. Using a Marxist lens, he theorized that because colonies were created and maintained in violence, that a colony could only decolonize through violence.... [tags: similarities with Martin Luther King Jr.]
1213 words (3.5 pages)
- Having witnessed the racism and assimilation in the colonial Antilles, Frantz Fanon devotes himself to the battle for a human world--that is, a world of mutual recognition--where all races are equal. Applying the idea mutual recognition from Hegel to his situation, Fanon believes that mutual recognition is achieved when the White and the Black approve each other’s human reality, which is the capacity to have dreams and to turn them into reality. On the contrary, Friedrich Nietzsche believes the hope for humanity lies in the endless self-transcendence of becoming the overman, ignoring whether one receives acknowledgement from others or not.... [tags: Mutual Recognition, Overman]
1431 words (4.1 pages)
- “The Fact of Blackness” by Frantz Fanon This article was an eye opener. After Fanon got away from the huge mind boggling words, I kind of felt for an extremely short second what it actually felt to be a black man. I myself am a unique mixture of races and I was fortunate to have grown up in such a way that I experienced my two main cultures vividly. I can laugh with George Lopez, and feel the pain, anguish, and laughter that are associated with a Mexican American heritage. The same goes for Larry the Cable Guy, I can laugh at what he says in his stand comedy routine, because I can relate with my Anglo culture.... [tags: personal response essay]
725 words (2.1 pages)
- Frantz Fanon: Race, Discrimination and Violence For centuries, race has played an important role in historically shaping identity and preconceived notions due to slavery. African history has been suppressed, which has resulted in the agony and discrimination of colored people. Frantz Fanon, a psychiatrist, crossed disciplines in his life and his writings, always striving to make connections between his insights into the effects of racism and the concrete political steps that poor people needed to take to bring about change.... [tags: Black people, White people, Algeria, Colonialism]
1596 words (4.6 pages)
- In Black Skin, White Masks, Frantz Fanon looks at the effects of both racism and the process of colonization on the colonized. Even though Fanon’s work targets a French audience, it holds a universal message which is significant to anyone who is exposed to racism and/or colonialism whether they are the oppressor or the oppressed. While Black Skins, White Masks was written over half a century ago, is Fanon’s work still relevant today. In this short paper I will look at some of the themes of racism, colonization and the complex relationships they create among various groups as well as the inner turmoil which may be created within the subjugated group.... [tags: Black people, White people, Race]
1769 words (5.1 pages)
- Persona is the relationship between a person’s consciousness and society, a mask, not the kind of mask that a stage performer might wear on Broadway or in today’s churches. In the 1952 book written by Frantz Fanon, Black Skin, White Masks. He takes an in-depth look into blacks’ worldwide and the psychology of inferiority, social structure and Colonialism. Throughout history blacks has tried to impress whites in many expects of life. On the other hand, Europeans took a primitive group people from an undeveloped continent, to a strange, unusual culture.... [tags: Black people, Race, White people, Miscegenation]
1929 words (5.5 pages)
- Frantz Fanon and Cultural Nationalism in Ireland Only recently has Ireland been included in the extensive study of postcolonial societies. Our geographical closeness to Britain, the fact that we are racially identical, the fact that we speak the same language and have the same value systems make our status as postcolonial problematic. Indeed, some would argue it is impossible to tell the difference between Irish and British. However, to mistake Irish for English to some is a grave insult. In this essay, I would like to look at Ireland’s emerging postcolonial status in relation to Frantz Fanon’s ‘The Wretched of the Earth’.... [tags: Essays Papers]
1153 words (3.3 pages)