Essay on Criminal Biology

Essay on Criminal Biology

Length: 2310 words (6.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Research Papers

Open Document

Essay Preview

In order to answer the above question, it must be understood what is meant by the term ‘the race-crime debate’. Bowling and Philips (2002) found the ‘race and crime’ debate has largely been detached from discussion of ethnic differences in the extent and nature of victimisation and how patterns of offending and victimisation interrelate. Bowling and Philips (2002) found that until recently the ‘race and crime’ debate had been preoccupied with other issues. The first being a question to whether people from ethnic minority groups are ‘more likely to commit criminal offences’, contrary to those from the majority of the white population. ‘This debate has turned on an analysis of ‘official’ crime statistics, especially arrest and prison data – that show marked variation for different ethnic groups’ (Bowling and Philips 2002, P76) Where elevated rates of official offending are identified. Bowling and Phillips (2002, P76) put forward that one of the most controversial questions in the field of criminology is ‘is this because the criminal justice system treats black people unfairly, or because black people are more likely to offend’. So looking at the race and crime debate and biological aspect put together a better understanding may follow as to why there may be good reason to dismiss biological approaches to criminalisation.
Hawkins (1995) showed that biological and biosocial studies are of a ‘biological organisation’ with four levels which he describes as the following, the structure of genetic and organic molecules, function of neurons, biochemistry of hormones neurotransmitters and the functioning of neurological organ systems (the brain) (Hawkins 1995). Ellis (1990) found that Biocriminal researchers assume among noncriminal...

... middle of paper ...

... [Criminal Man]. Turnin: Fratelli Bocca.
Herrnstein, R.J. and Murray, C. (1994) The Bell Curve: Intelligence and Class Structure in American Life. New York: Free Press.
Gardner, H. (1993) Frames of Mind: The Theory of Multiple Intelligence. London: Fontana Press.
Thurston, L.L. (1947) Multiple –Factor Analysis: A Development and Expansion of ‘The Vectors of the Mind’. Chicago: University of Chicago Press.
Volavka, J. (2002) Neurobiology of Violence: American Psychiatric Publishing,Inc. Washington DC.
Sampson and Wilson (1992)
Miller, J.G. (1997) Search and Destroy: African-American Males in The Criminal Justice System. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press.
Pearson, G. (1983) Hooligan: A History of Respectable Fears. London: Macmillan.
Hirschi, T. and Hindelang, M.J. (1977) Intelligence and Delinquency: A revisionists Review. American Sociological Review.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay about Biology: DNA Forensics

- DNA forensics is a division of forensic science that focuses on the use of genetic material in criminal investigation to answer questions pertaining to legal situations, including criminal and civil cases. Through DNA testing, law enforcement officers are able to identify human remains or the individual responsible for a crime. DNA testing is a highly advanced scientific process that involves replicating the human DNA sequence to create a genetic map of an individual. Because of its reliability, DNA testing has become a significant factor in criminal cases....   [tags: genetic material, criminal investigation]

Research Papers
1775 words (5.1 pages)

Essay about Is Criminal Behaviour Inherited or Learned?

- Criminologists and sociologist have long been in debate for century's to explain criminal behaviour. The two main paradigms of thought are between 'nature' and 'nurture'. Nature is in reference to a learnt behaviour where a multitude of characteristics, in society influence whether a person becomes deviant such as poverty, physical abuse or neglect. Nurture defines biological features which could inevitability lead to a individuals deviant or criminal behaviour, because criminality is believed by biological positivist to be inherited from a persons parents....   [tags: criminologists, sociologists, criminal behavior]

Research Papers
1438 words (4.1 pages)

Is There a Criminal Brain? Essay

- Is There a Criminal Brain. It is very rare these days to turn on the news and not hear about a crime or a murder. Crime is a common occurrence yet many times it is difficult to understand how someone could bring themselves to do these things. It does seem to make any sense why a young handsome man from a good family would want to kill someone and then be able to go through with it. This leads one to wonder if the brains of people who behave in socially unacceptable ways are different from everyone else's brains....   [tags: Biology Biological Essays]

Research Papers
1652 words (4.7 pages)

Criminal Behavior Essay

- Many scholars have attempted to explain criminal behaviour by identifying a genetic trait or other biological causes or indicator for criminality (Cullen and Agnew, 2011). Ellis and Walsh (2011) argue that while there is not a single “criminal behaviour” genetic trait, there are genetic trait that are associated with crime. They further suggest that these traits might provide evolutionary advantages to their holders in some circumstances. For example, traits such as deception and cheating would likely be evolutionary advantageous to maximizing a male's reproductive capabilities....   [tags: Biology, Ellis and Walsh]

Research Papers
641 words (1.8 pages)

Criminal Accountability and the Essay example

- Criminal Accountability and the "I" Function The prevalence and misuse of the insanity defense in our legal system is astounding. Cases upon cases site drugs, brain tumors, car accidents involving head injury, blackouts and antisocial behavior as circumstantial evidence of a crime that was committed. These crimes involve murder, rape and robbery. The question of where criminal accountability lies and how we are able to hold someone accountable for an act may boil down to the brain itself. Where in the brain do reason, morality and inhibition lie....   [tags: Biology Essays Research Papers]

Research Papers
1273 words (3.6 pages)

Physical Evidence And Its Effect On The Criminal Justice System Essay

- Physical evidence is additionally important in every criminal investigation because too often witness accounts are sometimes biased or unreliable. Physical evidence such as trace evidence, DNA, and fingerprints may objectively attach one or more persons to a victim or suspect to a crime. Favorably, physical evidence can also demonstrate inestimable for exonerating an innocent suspect. Laboratory members and criminal investigators should perform together to resolve the biggest portion of evidence to institute the right suspect for a strong prosecution....   [tags: DNA, Molecular biology, DNA profiling]

Research Papers
1086 words (3.1 pages)

To What Extent is Criminal Behaviour Biologically Determined? Essay example

- Criminal acts (any behaviour which breaks the laws of the land) have, consistently, through history played a large role within society, with 8.5 million crimes committed in the UK alone in the year of 2013. Consequently, many explanations have been offered as to why they occur. Finding a definitive explanation would profit society greatly, since it could prevent anti-social behaviour and improve deterrent techniques. Determinism purports that all physical phenomena (events) have a physical cause governed by physical laws, and therefore since human actions are events, human action has a physical cause governed by physical laws also....   [tags: adoption, criminal acts, reductionism]

Research Papers
1276 words (3.6 pages)

Relation and Distinction Between Criminal Men Alongside Delinquency/Subcultures

- Relation and Distinction Between Criminal Men Alongside Delinquency/Subcultures Theories of crime are developed to seek an explanation of crime and criminal behavior. Jurisprudence, sociology psychology and biology are areas of studies where majority of these theories are derived from. An essential point in the study of crime is to begin with a simple foundation, learning about criminals themselves (Lombroso-Ferrero XXII). With a basis as such, it then makes it more understanding for one to theorize about delinquency and opportunity....   [tags: Criminal Justice, Crime Theory]

Research Papers
2237 words (6.4 pages)

Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically? Essay

- Is Criminal Behavior Determined Biologically. Nature vs. nurture has been one of the oldest and most debated topics among psychologists over the years. This concept discusses whether a child is born into this world with their developmental work cut out for them or if a child is a “blank slate” and their experiences are what shape them into who they are. Over the years and plenty of research, psychologists have all mostly come to agree that it’s a little bit of both. Children are both born with some genetic predispositions while other aspects of the child’s development are strongly influenced by their surrounding environment....   [tags: Nature versus nurture, Psychology, Crime]

Research Papers
1188 words (3.4 pages)

What Creates A Criminal? Essay

- What Creates a Criminal. A criminal is defined as “a person who has committed a crime” (Oxford Dictionaries). In today’s society there are numerous debates about what causes criminality. Sociologists support studies which demonstrate how criminal behaviour is due to a person’s upbringing and life experiences; on the other hand psychologists and anthropologists have suggested that criminal behaviour is complex and involves a person’s genetic makeup plus their upbringing. This analysis presents how criminals can be born with genetic predisposition to crime, but are still influenced by their environment....   [tags: Criminology, Crime, Sociology, Crime statistics]

Research Papers
1321 words (3.8 pages)