Coiled dragons, as their name indicates, have a tapering coiled tail that abuts the jaw of the dragon. There are consistent and abundant evidence of the Hongshan coiled dragons with looped tails that create a short, thick body curl (Figures. 1, 2, and 3). Such a trait creates an oval shape rather than a circular one, hence an asymmetrical profile. While an acuminating coiled tail of Object B makes the whole shape oval, Object A has a blunt round shape, especially in the lower part because its tail does not curl in. Moreover, because of jade’s toughness, tools and abrasive sand used during the Neolithic period wear out while carving, which makes it impossible to ground a straight slit that Object A has. While making a slit, possibly using a slender tool like a leather strap, the adjoining part also becomes abraded, making it difficult, if not impossible, to ground a straight cut. However, unlike...
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Fang, Jianneng. 史前琢玉工艺技术shi qian zhuo yu gong yi ji shu. Taipei: National Taiwan Musuem, 2003.
“Jade coiled dragon”. British Museum. Accessed March 12, 2014, from https://www.britishmuseum.org/explore/highlights/highlight_objects/asia/j/jade_coiled_dragon.aspx
Li, Xiangyun. Xiangyun Xuan Guyu Shoucang Yu Yanjiu (Xiangyun Xuan Antique Jade Collection and Research). Beijing: Wenwu, 2004.
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