Containment and the Consequential Policy Development of the United States

Containment and the Consequential Policy Development of the United States

Length: 1615 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

With the cessation of World War II and continental Europe left in smoking shambles as it was barely two decades prior, communism seemed like an irresistible temptation to countries left ravaged by the war and forsaken by a capitalist system. Ergo, the United States, center of the capitalist west and sworn enemy of communism, devoted itself through the adaption of numerous policies to containing this perceived threat. Consequently, the policies constructed to enforce communist containment were the most significant developing factors of the United States in a postwar world with tremendous impact on both foreign and domestic fronts.
When one thinks of the latter half of the twentieth century, the immediate response is to turn to the Cold War, and when the Cold War comes to mind, a typical route is to make the connection to foreign relations. The Cold War had an unprecedented impact on the nation’s foreign policy as officials began to adapt a more definite interventionist approach in the name of containing communism. The containment frenzy began during Harry S. Truman’s presidency when General George C. Marshall summarized the lessons learned from World War II in For the Common Defense. He advised that the United States militarize itself so it wouldn’t be ill-prepared in case of World War III. Since technological innovations had collapsed what was once considered hemispheric defense of the United States, “the security of the Nation, when challenged by an armed enemy, [now] requires the services of virtually all able-bodied male citizens within the effective military age group” (qtd. in Johnson 213). A cornerstone of containment was set in the Marshall Plan which was also known as the European Recovery Program. This plan provided $13...

... middle of paper ...

...Ed. Michael P. Johnson. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2012. 221-224. Print.
Murrin, John, et al. Liberty, Equality, Power: A History of the American People, Vol. 2: Since 1863. 6th ed. Boston: Wadsworth Cengage Learning, 2011. Print.
Nitze, Paul. NSC-68. U.S. Objectives and Programs for National Security. Reading the American Past, Volume II: From 1865: Selected Historical Documents. Ed. Michael P. Johnson. Boston: Bedford/St. Martin’s, 2012. 217-221. Print.
Parry-Giles, Shawn J. “Militarizing America’s Propaganda.” Critical Reflections on the Cold War: Linking Rhetoric and History. Ed. Martin J. Medhurst, and H.W. Brands. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, 2000. 95-133. Print.
Truman, Harry S. Special Message to the Congress on Greece and Turkey: The Truman Doctrine. Gerhard Peters, 2013. Web. 2 December 2013.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on The United States' Containment Policy During the 1940's

- The type of policy known as containment was the foreign policy that the United States of America used between the times of 1947 (two years after World War Two) until 1989 (he fall of the Berlin Wall). The definition of containment in this case is strategies whether it was diplomatically, militarily or economically to contain the forming and progression of communism and to give America an influential advantage abroad. The policy of containment all started out with what was known as the Yalta conference, which consisted of Franklin D Roosevelt, the president of the United States at the time, Winston Churchill, the prime minister of the United kingdom, and Joseph Stain, leader of the USSR (Unio...   [tags: containment, USA, government, ]

Powerful Essays
633 words (1.8 pages)

United States Containment Policy During The Cold War Essay

- During the Cold War, America's basic policy was that of "containment" of the Soviet Union. The policy of containment was based upon several principles. First, the Soviet Union wanted to spread socialism to all areas of the world. However, it was felt that the leadership of the Soviet Union felt no particular rush to accomplish their goal. "The Kremlin is under no ideological compulsion to accomplish its purposes in a hurry. Like the Church, it is dealing in ideological concepts which are of a long-term validity, and it can afford to be patient....   [tags: History USSR Cold War Containment]

Powerful Essays
1032 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Development Of The United States

- Development originated in the colonial era, when Europeans constructed domestic and imperial government systems and concentrated within the emerging national states as industrial system fueled by the products of colonial labor regimes (McMichael, p. 2). In the 19th century, development was understood philosophically as the improvement of humankind. European political elites interpreted development practically, as a way to socially engineer emerging national societies (McMichael, p. 3). In the post WWII, United State was concerned how to shape the future of the newly independent states in ways that would ensure that they would not be drawn into the communist Soviet bloc....   [tags: United States, Developed country, Development]

Powerful Essays
880 words (2.5 pages)

Sustainable Development Goals Of The United Nations Essay

- The United Nations recently published a list of goals they hope to accomplish by 2030 called the Sustainable Development Goals. These goals will replace the Millennium Development Goals, which were set in 2000, when they expire at the end of 2015. Some of these goals include ending poverty, promoting gender equality, and improving water and sanitation conditions. Arguably, the most important goal is to “end hunger, achieve food security and improved nutrition, and promote sustainable agriculture” (in text citation- NY Times Article)....   [tags: Millennium Development Goals, United Nations]

Powerful Essays
1082 words (3.1 pages)

President Nixon And Kissinger Containment Strategy Essays

- While the general strategy of Nixon and Kissinger was certainly similar to that of Kennan, it is worth examining the implementation of their strategy in terms of actual foreign policy. One of the most notable changes in foreign policy as a result of Nixon and Kissinger was in the United States’ relationship with the Soviet Union. Clearly, the Soviet Union had consistently antagonized and posed a threat to the United States, both directly and indirectly. However, Nixon and Kissinger believed that past tensions needed to be set-aside in hopes of a more peaceful future, and began implementing a new policy towards the Soviet Union known as “Détente”....   [tags: Cold War, United States, Soviet Union]

Powerful Essays
1035 words (3 pages)

The United Nation 's 17 New Sustainable Development Goals Essay

- The United Nation’s 17 new Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and 169 targets were established in 2015 (ICSU & ISSC, 2015). These are building on the Millennium Development Goals (MDGs), that aimed to improved development. Although these goals had a significant impact in development in some areas, they failed to address some of the most disadvantaged areas, especially some landlocked countries in Africa as well as small island developing countries. The new SDGs are aimed at solving some of the issues that the MDGs did not resolve, with a special focus on being more inclusive and bringing together the social and natural sciences....   [tags: United Nations, Millennium Development Goals]

Powerful Essays
1446 words (4.1 pages)

Merck & Medco Containment Services Incorporated Essay

- On July 28, 1993 Merck announced its intention to acquire Medco Containment Services Incorporated for $6.6 billion as a strategic endeavor to maintain viability in the face of a shifting pharmaceutical industry to managed care health care (Weston, Mitchell, Mulherin, Siu, & Johnson, 2004). Both Merck & Medco believed that this merger would better positioned them for the upcoming changes in the industry and that their survival would be guaranteed by creating a competitive alliance. Analysis In 1993 Merck was regarded as one of the leading drug manufacturer in the world....   [tags: Pharmaceutical Industry, Health Care]

Powerful Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Containment Of Communism Essay

- The Cold War is the closest the world has ever come to complete destruction. In this period of time, two world super powers were in a stalemate economically and militarily and were constantly competing to be the superior. The Cold War started as result of World War II, the United States and the Soviet Union had some differences on their perspectives of the world. United States being the richest country in the world promoted democracy and capitalism in the world. The newly formed Soviet Union thought that communism was a better political system because it transformed their economy and status in the world from nothing but a declining empire to a super power once again....   [tags: Communism Essays]

Powerful Essays
2204 words (6.3 pages)

Containment Was The Approach Of America Following The End Of World War II

- Containment was the approach of America following the end of World War II, and the beginning of the Cold War. Containment had many different variations during the entire Cold War, but its main purpose was to fight the spread of Communism throughout the world. Some believe that containment was a defensive strategy, but it can be argued that it was a way to defeat Communism period. Containment began with the Truman administration with his top Russian advisor, George Kennan. Kennan who wrote the “long telegram” on the Soviets listed a few issues with Communism and why it needed to be stopped....   [tags: Cold War, World War II, Containment]

Powerful Essays
807 words (2.3 pages)

Containment Policy Essay

- Containment Policy America’s Policy of Containment was introduced by George Kennan in 1947. This policy had a few good points but many more bad points.Kennan's depiction of communism as a "malignant parasite" that had to be contained by all possible measures became the basis of the Truman Doctrine, Marshall Plan, and National Security Act in 1947. In his Inaugural Address of January 20, 1949, Truman made four points about his "program for peace and freedom": to support the UN, the European Recovery Program, the collective defence of the North Atlantic, and a “bold new program” for technical aid to poor nations....   [tags: essays papers]

Free Essays
1057 words (3 pages)