In the ancient world, Roman Empire had superior military power than any other empires or states. As such, Roman political leaders saw the need for the expansion of Rome’s territories in the Mediterranean world (Perry et al. 2013, p. 122). On the other hand, conquests meant sacrifice and uncertainty. The soldiers believed that the blessings from the superior and supernatural entity were needed. As the proof, most mystery cults were known to succeed in the regions with high relations to military elements (Nock 1998, pp. 131-132). This is especially true to the mystery religion of Isis. Isis was believed to hold “... the keys of the Underworld and the guarantee of salvation...
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...ses through their significant contributions in the rituals and processions. It was not impossible for a woman to be priestess of a particular mystery religion (MacMullen 1981, p. 72). An example of women’s involvement could be seen in the Isis’ procession where women took most of the roles in the procession. It was described that there were “... women in shining white attire ...” and there were “Others held shining mirrors behind them ...” and also “Others ... carried ivory combs ...” (Apuleius Golden ass ex. 11.1). Each of them had their own important roles to play in the procession. Apuleius mentioned that “[t]here was also a large group of both sexes ... to do honour to [Isis] ...” (Golden ass ex. 11.1) indicating that men were no longer superior to women as there was gender equality. Discrimination, therefore, was no longer in the context of the cult of Isis.
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