Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology Essay

Conceptual and Historical Issues in Psychology Essay

Length: 1459 words (4.2 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Powerful Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

For a long time in history, studies of history of psychology have been done in three distinct ways. These domains were as follows: consciousness, psyche, behavior and mental life but every case stood on its own. Psychology was in this case the knowledge domain. Moreover, psychology was composed of various accounts. There was also the case of the society that was composed of views of the world or culture or industrialization. Although the history between these disciplines is not viewed sometimes, there are social aspects that are studied on how they are related to psychology. The often asked question is the relationship between the theories of psychology and its application to human life for instance, individual life, mental life and subjectivity. Presently, efforts by writers to separate the three categories have seen light. Psychology itself cannot exist without a society which supports all its facts. Moreover, psychological object cannot be taken as independent, given, discovered but that which is discovered and comes before knowledge. Psychology can hence be seen in two perspectives: as a discipline and as a subject of human. A conclusion can be made that psychology exists in a domain that is constructed. This is contrary to science domain where truth is constructed.






Introduction
Science employs an approach of empiricism. This approach states that our senses are the only place from which knowledge originates. This is in contrary to knowledge view that exists that it could be acquired purely by logical argument and reasoning. Hence empiricism views knowledge to be based on experience. Empiricism through gain of knowledge via experience came to be an approach of science and influenced greatly chemistry and physics d...


... middle of paper ...


... Scientific thought on the other hand, goes ahead to justify every observation by mere experimentation. With time it is found out that there an implication that the outcome of the experiments has on judgment because many arguments can be correct till proven right. Another example is on statistics where it is implicated in relationships.



Works Cited


McLeod, S. A. (2008). Simply Psychology; Psychology as a Science
G. Bachelard (1984).The New Scientific Spirit, tr. Arthur Goldhammer, Boston, Beacon Press
K. Danziger (1990).Constructing the Subject, Cambridge: Cambridge U. P
K. Gergen(1985). The social constructionist movement in modern psychology, American Psychologist
Hacking (1990).The Taming of Chance, Cambridge, Cambridge University Press.
P. Heelas and A. Lock (1981).Indigenous Psychologies: The Anthropology of the Self, London, Academic Press

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Essay on Historical Context Of Humanistic Psychology

- Historical Context The historical context of humanistic originated in the Middle Ages where the philosophy if human is was developed. Achievement of self-realization was a choice for individuals through rational thought and reasoning was considered the belief of philosophy. This movement initiated in the 15th century in Europe with individuals that lacked an opened mind which were religious dogma scholars of the church and philosophers (Schultz & Schultz, 2011). In the mid-1950s modern humanistic psychology emerged, due to the response of psychoanalysis and behaviorism....   [tags: Psychology, Humanistic psychology, Abraham Maslow]

Powerful Essays
1254 words (3.6 pages)

The Historical, Philosophical, and Empirical Foundations of Psychology Essay

- The field of psychology is a discipline, originated from many branches of science. It has applications from within a complete scope of avenues, from psychotherapy to professional decision-making. The flexibility and versatility of this field reflects its importance and demands in-depth analysis. Psychology was a division of philosophy until it developed independent scientific disciplines. The history of psychology was a scholarly study of the mind and behavior that dates back to the beginning of civilization....   [tags: Psychology]

Powerful Essays
3643 words (10.4 pages)

Essay on Is Conceptual Critiques Relevant for Psychology?

- We shall consider Skinner’s Operant Conditioning theory as another type of example on Conceptual Critiques (Skinner, 1963). His theory states that the best way to understand a behavior is to look at the association made between the behavior and the consequence of that behavior. Although Skinner’s primary interest was in human behavior, most of his research was done on animals using laboratory apparatus well known as the Skinner box. Hence, in his experiment, Skinner placed rats in the Skinner box and observed its’ behaviors....   [tags: operant conditioning, behavior, skinner]

Powerful Essays
1463 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about The Psychology Field, Contemporary Issues Are Perpetual

- In the psychology field, contemporary issues are perpetual in the clinical/counseling regions of psychology. What is termination. According to Psychology Today it can be defined as a “clinical jargon for the last phase of therapy.” A specific issue, which I would like to address would be an ethical reason for termination of treatment. Is it ethical to terminate treatment when a client can no longer pay. Since no obligations are in procedure to visually perceive clients who cannot pay, is it congruous to terminate treatment....   [tags: Psychology, Clinical psychology, Psychotherapy]

Powerful Essays
897 words (2.6 pages)

Ethical Issues in Psychology Essay

- We are going to explore the world of ethical issues in psychology. As in any medical or mental health fields there are rules we all must follow as professionals. In this essay today we will be exploring a case study where we have a young lady who has been stricken by a mental disability. We will be looking at the facts in which her disability was handled by a professional in the field of psychology. We also will be discussing the rights and wrongs that are presented in her case study. We will also be discussing the APA ethical codes and gain a clearer understanding of where some things went wrong and why shall we begin....   [tags: Psychology ]

Powerful Essays
1231 words (3.5 pages)

The Historical And Conceptual Classifications For Comprehending The Socioeconomic Framework

- ... In my head I always thought that capitalism was just capitalism and that is how it had always been since it came about during the fifteenth century. I was not aware that there was mercantile capitalism and financial capitalism and that there was even a difference. This resource discusses how the economies of most countries are becoming more and more integrated, and I understand that this reading is focused on capitalism. However, I think it would have been interesting to compare capitalism in today’s society with places like North Korea and why they have not yet fallen into capitalism....   [tags: Capitalism, Socialism, Economics, Karl Marx]

Powerful Essays
1016 words (2.9 pages)

A Portrait of Ethical Issues in Clinical and Counseling Psychology Essay

- A Portrait of Ethical Issues in Clinical and Counseling Psychology The field of psychology is a field that has constantly grown over the years, as a result of this growth the science of psychology is constantly changing. Researchers, scientists and experts in this field are constantly contributing new information on disorders and diagnosis in efforts to address the needs of an ever-changing world. New manuals and publications are continuously undergoing revision resulting in additional adaptation and modification of current ethical definitions....   [tags: Psychology]

Powerful Essays
1634 words (4.7 pages)

Essay on Cognitive Behaviour Therapy

- The development of Cognitive Behaviour Therapy has been culminated as a result of combination of factors that necessitated the drastic shift in assessment and treatment of behavioural and mental diseases. The failure of psychoanalysis and laboratory experiments approaches let to the precursor approaches to accelerate scientific progress by providing evident-based diagnosis and effective treatments. As a result, the popularity of psychoanalysis psychotherapy and laboratory experiments had to diminish with the advent of cognitive revolution (Keith S....   [tags: Psychology, Cognitive Therapy]

Powerful Essays
2101 words (6 pages)

The Psychology of Religion Essay

- The Psychology of Religion is composed of a variety of different perspectives, which in certain cases proves difficult in determining both the clinical and pastoral implications of a theory. Modern-day psychology has demonstrated possible beneficial results in religious spiritual individuals, however, much of the current research has avoided questioning the “real” presence of the Divine or a Higher Being. Although a century has passed since his undertaking of psychoanalysis, Sigmund Freud readily settled the question of religion by declaring it a form of mental illness....   [tags: Psychology ]

Powerful Essays
1536 words (4.4 pages)

Essay about The Historical Development of Psychology

- The Historical Development of Psychology I am going to be looking at the history of psychology, and by using a few examples try to explain some of the theories that leading psychologists and scientist have concluded in their experiments and scientific studies. Psychology is in fact the study of the mind, how it works and what effect it has upon an individuals thoughts and general functions, the processes of the mind will never be fully understood but there has been a great breakthrough over many years, although the mind has many parts in which we will never truly understand....   [tags: Papers]

Powerful Essays
708 words (2 pages)