The aim of this study is to determine the differences between the Internet in China and the United States. China was chosen due to the restrictive and closely scrutinized nature of its Internet, in contrast to the internet in United States which has significantly more freedom and protected by the freedom of speech and expression. This study will include:
• Distribution and segmentation of the medium in both countries
• National regulatory structures
• Socio-economic origins and functions of medium in today’s society
It was concluded in this study that extreme control over the Internet will only disadvantage a country. Besides keeping the information technology sector out of date, the economy will not grow to its potential and at the same time, shelter the people of a country from information that they have the right to know. Nonetheless, there should be some level of gatekeeping and control over the Internet that is aligned with the freedom of speech and expression.
Distribution and segmentation of the medium in both countries
According to a report by China Internet Network Information Center (CNNIC) in 2012, China’s Internet users had already grown to over 538 million by the end of June 2012. It is expected that this number will increase to 718 million by 2013, which will account for 52.7 percent of the whole population. Another report by CNNIC states that 56 percent of Internet users in China were male, while 44 percent of them were female.
Other than that, most of Chinese Internet users limit their Internet usage to Chinese websites. This is because the Internet censorship in China makes it very inconvenient for Internet users otherwise. For instance, setting the Internet speed for non-Chinese web...
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Yang, G., 2012. A Chinese Internet? History, practice, and globalization. Chinese Journal of Communication. [e-journal] 5(1). Available at: < http://www.asc.upenn.edu/gyang/CJC_Chinese_Internet.pdf> [Accessed 16 January 2014].
Annual Size and Growth of Chinese Internet Advertising Market. 2012. [image online] Available at: < http://www.getfilings.com/sec-filings/100331/ChinaNet-Online-Holdings-Inc_10- K/> [Accessed 16 January 2014].
Chinese Internet User Profile 2012. 2012. [image online] Available at: < http://www.uschina.usc.edu/w_usci/showarticle.aspx?articleID=18377&AspxAutoDetect CookieSupport=1> [Accessed 16 January 2014].
Number of Chinese Internet Users. 2012. [image online] Available at: < http://www.east-west- connect.com/chinese-internet-user-demographics-jan-2012> [Accessed 16 January 2014].
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