Essay on Communist Ideology And Soviet Ideology

Essay on Communist Ideology And Soviet Ideology

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Communist ideology in Russia originated in the communist ideological writings of Marx, including the stage theory. Marx 's stage theory was later developed into Marxist-Leninism as the communist ideology followed in Russia during the period of 19 28-82. Under rule of a communist government, in which the ideology promotes equality and the only aim is to reach a communist utopia on earth, communist Russia was guided into a completely different society in which religion was not acceptable. For this reason, the state had to use several methods of control to keep religious ideologies at bay- including the media. The media was also used to promote the successes of communism at a time when Russia was surrounded in Capitalist supporting enemies, using new inventions such as TV and Radio, and old methods such as newspapers and the use of intellectual individuals to give a good impression to the rest of the world about their newly adopted ideology and government- whilst also encouraging good communism to the people of Russia. As I believe Russia from 1928-82 would not have been any different to the previous condition under the Tsars before the Bolshevik communist revolution in October 1917, I agree with the statement that ideology was the main influence on government policy towards the media and religion in this time period as without the ideology there would be no need for changes, restrictions or control over both the media and religion in the first place. To explain my answer I shall analyse four aspects of Soviet Russia during this time: Influence of ideology on government policy towards the media and religion; Influence of desire for political power and control on media and religious policy; and the influence of pragmatic considerat...

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...nted to gain the support of Muslims in Central Asia and the Middle East against the United States during the Cold War after claiming that Islam was compatible with socialism. All this evidence suggests that there may have been more influence of pragmatic thinking to religious and media policies to the government than prima facie.
In conclusion, after reflecting on different possibilities that could have influenced the governments approach to religious and media policies, I still believe that ideology was largely important whilst the soviet government considered these policies as throughout all evidence there seems to be consistency in the main theme of achieving communism. However- I have found that to some extent there must have been large pragmatic and power desirability influences on both media and religious policies especially in extreme circumstances such as war.

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