Essay on Civil Rights And Land Rights Movement

Essay on Civil Rights And Land Rights Movement

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Since the beginning of Australian History, Indigenous Aboriginals have faced many challenges and hardships. These challenges and hardships resulting in inequality and inequity which unfortunately were epitomized quite significantly in the Australian government and society. Therefore, in order to erase these inequalities, Aboriginal rights have been, and continue to be stressed and advocated. Nevertheless, it is the civil rights and land rights movements between the years of 1960 to 1980, which have made quite a dramatic impact on Aboriginal equality. Civil rights movements such as the Referendum and Freedom rides, and the land right movement of the Aboriginal 1972 Tent Embassy. It is through different purposes, goals and people involved within these events, whereby they are charcteritised under either Civil Right, or Land Rights movement.

The 1967 Referendum

The 1967 Referendum is an example of a civil rights movement, which anticipated a ‘yes’ vote by the Australian population to change the constitution in order for Indigenous Australian Aboriginals to be included in the Commonwealth population. This particular movement had the purpose of paving the way towards change and equality in Australia and educating the nation on discrimination. However, despite the purpose of creating unity, the 1967 referendum became quite a controversial movement, which was critiqued and highly scrutinised in terms of its genuine purpose and goals. Before the vote took place on the 27th of May 1967, many political campaigns were used to communicate factual information on why the vote was taking place, and what did it specify and require of voters. As can be seen from notes by the National Directorate of a campaign released on the 31st of March ...


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... ride, this movement did contribute towards efforts to expose inequalities. This freedom ride, reflects civil rights in that it promoted segregation with the intention of exposing inequalities through education and cultivation.

In conclusion, the difference between civil rights and land rights between the years of 1960 to 1980 differ quite dramatically, as can be seen through charcterisation. Civil rights movements are charcterised as activism that promotes the Aboriginal population being recognized as citizens of their home land, and activism which protests and encourages segregation. As is depicted in civil rights movements the 1967 Referendum and Charles Perkin’s Freedom Ride. In contrast to land rights movements, which focus on promoting ownership and custodianship of land to the Aborigional population, as, can be seen through the Aboriginal 1972 Tent Embassy.

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