When Chretien de Troyes began his first Arthurian Romance, Erec et Enid, around 1170, the Arthurian legend had already spread throughout Western Europe, told by crusading armies in the Middle East. It is important to note that not only was the popularity of the Arthurian complex already a pan-European phenomenon, but the lines of communication between its courtly Franco-Norman audiences and its native Welsh sources were already well-established (Parker). Chretien is described as a poet, with an inferred clerical background, whose Arthurian projects were sponsored by the Houses of Champagne and Flanders, nominal vassals of the king of France. Hi...
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McGoodwin, Michael. "Chrétien De Troyes (Chretien) Perceval Summary." Chrétien De Troyes (Chretien) Perceval Summary. N.p., 2002. Web. Apr. 2014.
Parker, Will. "The Three Romances." Three Romances. N.p., Aug. 2009. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
Ralls, Karen. "Legends of the Grail: The Chivalric Vision." Http://www.theosophical.org/publications/1506. Quest Magazine, Nov.-Dec. 2003. Web. 17 Apr. 2014.
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