To understand how the penalty came to be in the first place, one must delve into the history of capital punishment. Despite what some may think, the death penalty has been in play since 18th Century BC. Evidence of the use was discovered in the code of King Hammurabi of Babylon, which codified the death penalty for 25 different crimes. In the 7th Century BC, Draconian Law stated that all crimes were punishable by death. One may find it difficult to imagine someone dying for stealing a pack of gum in our times, but this fact is a harsh reality of what used to be (“Part 1: History,” n.d).
When capital punishment is spoken of, the United States of America comes to mind. Though this may be, Britain was the birthplace of the United States’ interest in punishment for capital crimes. When the European settlers came to the new world, they brought the practice of capital punishment. The first recorded execution in the new colonies was that of Captain George Kendall in the Jamestown colony of Virginia in 1608. (“Part 1: His...
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...ty of capital crime cases, the defendants can not afford their lawyers. In these cases, it becomes the duty of the government to supply the defendant with an attorney. The attorney assigned is named an “indigent attorney” due to the poor financial status of the suspect. Indigent attorneys are often loaded with over 100 cases at a time and have little to no contact with their client. With such a high case load and stress level, it is not uncommon for the attorney to appear in trial intoxicated or sleep deprived. Because of this, it becomes very likely that the defendant will lose their case. (Roeder)
The amount of money spent on indigent attorneys has actually decreased at a steady 0.2% since 2008. The Brennan Center of Justice reports that nationwide, $2.2 billion was spent on indigent defense in 2012, which was the lowest amount in the past five years. (Roeder)
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- Capital punishment, or better known as the death penalty, began around the eighteenth century B.C. when The Code of King Hammaurabi of Babylon implemented the death penalty for 25 different crimes. In the 16th century, Henry VIII created edicts that caused about 72,000 people to be put to death by acts such as hanging and drawing and quartering. New Colonial America did not have prisons to hold criminals so the main source of punishment was the death penalty. Captain George Kendall was the first person on record, in the new colonies, to be sentenced to death.... [tags: Capital punishment, Murder, Crime, Death row]
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