Camera surveillance is not some trend that is fairly recent. Early surveillance systems required a person to constantly check the footage and there was no way to save it. This was an expensive and unreliable process but VCR technology changed that. It made surveillance convenient and easy to record. And all of these factors made video surveillance more prevalent. In 1973, in New York City, the NYPD installed surveillance systems to reduce crime. But crimes did not drop even though there were cameras (Klimas). As a result, video surveillance began to spread across the country because there was an illusion that this would work if tested in a mass scale. It was seen as a cheaper way to deter crime than adding more personal to police departments. It was not until the invention of the video content analysis and identification that truly made camera surveillance as widespread as today. These programs were made so there was no operator manually analyzing each footage (Richards). After the brief history of surveillance systems, the function will be revealed.
The function of surveillance cameras seems to be to reduce crime in well populated a...
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...r room (Buren). It turned out that the camera had recorded images of the team members when they changed their clothes. Several other students had been similarly videotaped over the previous months. This scandal led to a lawsuit known as the Brannum v. Overton County School Board. The U.S. Sixth Circuit Court of Appeals then ruled that a school may not install security cameras inside locker rooms and students do have privacy (Buren).
Although camera surveillance systems are intended to provide safety to the public, the violation of privacy outweighs this, especially in a democratic country like America. In the past several years, events such as the 9/11 attack and the availability of cheaper cameras have accelerated this trend. It is imperative to realize that the rights of the people matter more than their safety. Their privacy is important and should be cherished.
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