Breast cancer is a malignant tumor that starts in the cells of the breast. A malignant tumor is a group of cancer cells that can grow into (invade) surrounding tissues or spread (metastasize) to distant areas of the body. The disease occurs almost entirely in women, but men can get it, too (What is Breast Cancer, 2015). The purpose of this evaluation is to introduce the audience to breast cancer; discuss risk factors, symptoms, diagnosis; address the mind- body connection of breast cancer and suggestions for prevention and treatment; and provide an overview of breast cancer in social cognitive theory framework. Lastly, one alternative intervention for breast cancer will be highlighted in accordance with the social cognitive theory.
About 1 in 8 U.S. women (about 12%) will develop invasive breast cancer over the course of her lifetime (U.S. Breast Cancer Statistics, 2015). In 2015, an estimated 231,840 new cases of invasive breast cancer are expected to be diagnosed in women in the U.S., along with 60,290 new cases of non-invasive (in situ) breast cancer; about 40,290 women in the U.S. are expected to die from breast cancer (U.S. Breast Cancer Statistics, 2015). Common kinds of breast cancer are: ductal carcinoma and lobular carcinoma. Ductal carcinoma which is the most common kind of breast cancer begins in the cells that the line the milk ducts in the breast, also called the lining of the breast ducts (Breast Cancer, 2014). Lobular carcinoma begins in the lobes or lobules- glands that make milk; of the breast (Breast Cancer, 2014). Early breast cancer usually does not cause symptoms. This is why regular breast exams are important. As the cancer grows, symptoms may include: breast lump or lump in the ...
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... the utilization of lay health advisors (LHAs) to promote breast cancer screenings which is evidence-based and research tested. The LHAs will conduct culturally-appropriate small group educational sessions (10-15 women) and promote the program at intercept sites (i.e. grocery store, shopping center, etc.). A small media campaign will be simultaneously implemented, emphasizing the importance of screening and the availability of no-cost services for eligible women. The program will reduce access barriers by contracting with local partners (mobile detection unit) and evaluated by tracking and documenting the number of targeted women reached through education and outreach efforts, their change in knowledge (pre/post test) after exposure to the educational session, and the number of eligible women who take advantage of the no-cost screening and follow-up services offered.
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