The eventual buildup to the BP oil spill started during the Bush Administration. The Bush Administration's oil demand and antigovernment sensibility soiled the Minerals Management Service (MMS), the agency charged with regulating offshore drilling. Vice President Dick Cheney had presided over the weakening of drilling regulations, including the exclusion of remote-shut-off switches which might have prevented the disaster. Soon, MMS was nothing but a shell of its former shell filled with corruption and political influence. In a 2008 report it was found that the agency's regulators were taking gifts from, and having sex with the employees of, the companies they were supposed to be monitoring. Furthermore, the regulators allowed companies to fill out their own inspection forms which were later outlined in pen by the MMS employees. Further, reports also indicate that MMS gave permission to BP drill in the Gulf of Mexico without first getting required permits from the NOAA (National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration) that assess threats to endangered species and to assess the impact the drilling was likely to have on the gulf. Additionally, the Obama Administration’s neglect in changing the negative outcomes of the Bush Administration further increased and allowed the disaster to happen.
The Oil Spill
The BP oil spill happened off the United States coast in the Gulf of Mexico and is considered the largest accidental marine oil spill in the history of the petroleum industry. After the oil rig Deepwater Horizon exploded and sunk it continued to leak oil for 87 days until it was capped, which resulted in an estimated 4.9 million barrels of oil leaking into the ocean. The Deep Water Horizon was a sem...
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.... Retrieved 15 November 2013.
Dermansky, Julie (20 April 2013). "Three Years After the BP Spill, Tar Balls and Oil Sheen Blight Gulf Coast". The Atlantic. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
Jamail, Dahr (9 March 2011). "Gulf spill sickness wrecking lives". Al Jazeera. Retrieved 17 November 2013.
Klien, Joe. "Who's to Blame for the Gulf Oil Spill?." TIME.com. TIME Magazine, 27 May 2010. Web. 20 Nov. 2013.
Malik, Stephanie . "Practical Ethics." Practical Ethics. University of Oxford, 29 July 2010. Web. 18 Nov. 2013.
National Commission on the BP Deepwater Horizon Oil Spill and Offshore Drilling (January 2011). "Deep Water: The Gulf Oil Disaster and the Future of Offshore Drilling". US Government. Retrieved 18 November 2013.
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