Essay about Behaviorism And Its Effects On The Individual

Essay about Behaviorism And Its Effects On The Individual

Length: 1667 words (4.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

What is behaviorism and where did it come from? It emphasizes a scientific and objective approached to investigate behavior. Behaviorism is known to most as a psychological approach. John Watson was known to be the loudest voice for behaviorism even though he was not the founder. He started the spread of the knowledge of what behaviorism was in 1912, when he wrote an article that stated the methodology and behavioral analysis of behaviorism. The article that John Watson wrote was titled ‘Psychology as the behaviorist views it’.
First, to understand where behaviorism came from also known as its origin, you will have to understand what behaviorism is. So behaviorism is the theory that studies the overt, observable behaviors of people to understand their mental processes. Behaviorism also focuses specifically on the environment and its effects on the individual. It 's trying to decide if the environment influences behavior and causes people to react or act in certain ways. Behaviorism makes many basic assumptions. Some of those assumptions are behavior is learnt in the enviorment, psychology should be seen as a science, behaviorism is primarily concerned with behavior instead of things like thinking and emotion, there is only a slight difference between animals and humans, and behavior is response to stimulus.
There are different types of behaviorism as well. John Watson himself was known for two different types of behaviorism. Watson was known for his first methodological behaviorism and later known for neobehaviorism that was inspired by his later work. Watson who published Psychology as the behaviorist views was considered to be the inventor of behaviorism. However, this is not true, he did however write what was kno...


... middle of paper ...


...py (CBT). The cognitive portion of this focuses on the persons beliefs were as behavioral focuses on the person’s actions. The therapist will focus on both of these aspects and work with the individuals to help identify issues. Once the issues are identified they will help in assisting the individual correct actions to improve their issues. It has been effective in helping with many different disorders from depression to eating disorders.
Behaviorism was the start of the scientific approach to psychology. It was accepted for many years then was found to be out dated. It is still used however in many different aspects of education. Cognitive theory replaced behaviorism and focused on beliefs instead of environmental issues. In today’s time therapist are using a mixture of the two to help with mental disorder just as B.F. Skinner began to do so many years ago.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Skinner 's Theory Of Psychology And A Noticeable Spokesperson For Behaviorism

- B.F. Skinner was considered the father of behavioral approach to psychology and a noticeable spokesperson for behaviorism. According to Corey (2013), he advocated radical behaviorism. In other words it placed a primary importance on the effects of environment on behavior. Skinner was a determinist; he did not consider that humans had free choices. He recognized the existence of feeling and thoughts, but disagreed about them causing humans action. In its place, he underlined the cause-and-effect links between objective, observable environmental conditions and behavior....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Classical conditioning]

Better Essays
707 words (2 pages)

Empiricism and Behaviorism Essay

- the turn of the twentieth century, the field of Psychology found itself in a war between two contending theoretical perspectives: Gestalt psychology versus Behaviorism. With its roots within the United States, behaviorists in America were developing a theory that believed psychology should not be concerned with the mind or with human consciousness. Instead, behavior and the actions of humans would be the foremost concern of psychologists. Across the Atlantic, Gestalt psychology emerged by placing its criticism upon the methodology of introspection, especially by ways of disparaging behaviorism....   [tags: essays research papers]

Better Essays
1394 words (4 pages)

Factors That Affects Neural Connections Between The Stimuli And The Most Satisfying Responses

- Summary Connectionism which states that behavioral responses to specific stimuli are established through a process of trial and error that affects neural connections between the stimuli and the most satisfying responses. Thorndike postulated that the most fundamental type of learning involves the forming of associations (connections) between sensory experiences (perceptions of stimuli or events) and neural impulses (responses) that manifest themselves behaviorally. He believed that learning often occurs by trial and error (selecting and connecting)....   [tags: Behaviorism, Psychology, Operant conditioning]

Better Essays
1425 words (4.1 pages)

Essay on Women Of The 1920 ' S

- The 1920’s were a time of prosperity and social revision, the economy was blooming, technological advances were invented, and change in societal structures. Women started to gain more rights and were more open about how they perceived themselves. These females were called Flappers, which are women that went against the conventions of how a lady should dress and act. Flappers were considered lively, confident, and revolutionary. On the other hand, America was just recovering from World War I and numerous soldiers came back with Post Traumatic Stress Disorder (PTSD) and other medical conditions....   [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Sigmund Freud, Behaviorism]

Better Essays
910 words (2.6 pages)

Jean Piaget And Lev Vygtosky 's Theories Of An Individual 's Moral Development

- Developmental psychology is a branch of psychology associated with characterizing how humans acquire knowledge, mature, and acclimate themselves throughout the course of their lives (American Psychological Association, 2015). Over the years, countless theories have been proposed to differentiate these deviations and to investigate the causes and mechanisms of human motivation and behavior, such as Erik Erikson’s psychosocial development, Jean Piaget and Lev Vygtosky’s varying takes on cognitive development, and Lawrence Kohlberg and James Marcia’s interpretations of an individual’s moral development (Snowman and McCown, 2012: Kohlberg, 1971; Marcia, 1980)....   [tags: Psychology, Developmental psychology, Behavior]

Better Essays
1278 words (3.7 pages)

Humanistic Psychology Essay

- The focus of this paper is the person-centered approach, which is the understanding of personality and human relationships in psychotherapy and counseling in the areas of client-centered therapy, education of student-centered learning, organizations, and other group settings. Even though psychoanalysis and behaviorism have made major contributions to psychology, it has influenced the understanding and practices of the humanistic movement, specifically with the therapies for the different mental disorders....   [tags: psychoanalysis, behaviorism, humanism]

Better Essays
1623 words (4.6 pages)

Essay about A New Concept Of Generative Grammar

- In the late 1960’s in the Unites States, a now renown philosopher, Noam Chomsky; posited a new concept of generative grammar. Behaviourists had asserted that, the role of science was to observe and report on perceptible aspects of the psychological mechanisms that relate impetus and response; it was not the role of science to venture into the realm of conjecture or speculation. Furthermore, behaviourists attempted to modify the abnormal or maladjusted behaviour directly, analysing the conditions causing the individual’s current symptoms, not their possible historical origin....   [tags: Psychology, Behavior, Behaviorism, Linguistics]

Better Essays
987 words (2.8 pages)

Psychological Problems Of Bipolar Disorder Essay

- There are very few people that I know with psychological problems, at least with diagnosed psychological problems anyways. But I do know of someone with bipolar disorder. Bipolar disorder is a condition that affects the brain in such a way that it causes extreme mood swings that can range from mania (the “highs”) to depression (the “lows”) (Latuda, 2016). There are many ways that this disorder and other psychological disorders can be explained, and I am going to discuss how psychologists from six different theoretical models; biological, psychodynamic, behavioral, cognitive, humanistic, and socio-cultural explain bipolar disorder according to their specific theoretical framework....   [tags: Psychology, Mind, Behaviorism, Cognition]

Better Essays
1001 words (2.9 pages)

Behaviorism Essay

- Background and Description of Behaviorism in Relation to Learning The background of behaviorism is associated with many scientists. Behaviorism started back in 400 BC with Aristotle. Aristotle believed in association and that "the objects being associated are similar, or opposite, or near each other". Then, behaviorism came into play with Ivan Pavlov, a Russian physiologist. He studied the behavior of dogs and how they would salivating (conditioned reflex) when shown just the food dish without food (conditioned stimulus or conditioned response)....   [tags: Psychology Psychological Essays]

Better Essays
3036 words (8.7 pages)

Behaviorism Essay

- Behaviorism Psychology is the science of behavior. Psychology is not the science of the mind. Behavior can be described and explained without making reference to mental events or to internal psychological processes. The sources of behavior are external (in the environment), not internal (in the mind). Behaviorism is a doctrine, or a set of doctrines, about human and nonhuman animal behavior. An important component of many psychological theories in the late nineteenth century were introspection, the study of the mind by analysis of one's own thought processes....   [tags: Behavior Psychology Psychological Essays]

Better Essays
1792 words (5.1 pages)