Essay about Behaviorism And Its Effects On The Individual

Essay about Behaviorism And Its Effects On The Individual

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What is behaviorism and where did it come from? It emphasizes a scientific and objective approached to investigate behavior. Behaviorism is known to most as a psychological approach. John Watson was known to be the loudest voice for behaviorism even though he was not the founder. He started the spread of the knowledge of what behaviorism was in 1912, when he wrote an article that stated the methodology and behavioral analysis of behaviorism. The article that John Watson wrote was titled ‘Psychology as the behaviorist views it’.
First, to understand where behaviorism came from also known as its origin, you will have to understand what behaviorism is. So behaviorism is the theory that studies the overt, observable behaviors of people to understand their mental processes. Behaviorism also focuses specifically on the environment and its effects on the individual. It 's trying to decide if the environment influences behavior and causes people to react or act in certain ways. Behaviorism makes many basic assumptions. Some of those assumptions are behavior is learnt in the enviorment, psychology should be seen as a science, behaviorism is primarily concerned with behavior instead of things like thinking and emotion, there is only a slight difference between animals and humans, and behavior is response to stimulus.
There are different types of behaviorism as well. John Watson himself was known for two different types of behaviorism. Watson was known for his first methodological behaviorism and later known for neobehaviorism that was inspired by his later work. Watson who published Psychology as the behaviorist views was considered to be the inventor of behaviorism. However, this is not true, he did however write what was kno...

... middle of paper ... (CBT). The cognitive portion of this focuses on the persons beliefs were as behavioral focuses on the person’s actions. The therapist will focus on both of these aspects and work with the individuals to help identify issues. Once the issues are identified they will help in assisting the individual correct actions to improve their issues. It has been effective in helping with many different disorders from depression to eating disorders.
Behaviorism was the start of the scientific approach to psychology. It was accepted for many years then was found to be out dated. It is still used however in many different aspects of education. Cognitive theory replaced behaviorism and focused on beliefs instead of environmental issues. In today’s time therapist are using a mixture of the two to help with mental disorder just as B.F. Skinner began to do so many years ago.

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