The Basilica Of St. Sernin Essay

The Basilica Of St. Sernin Essay

Length: 1347 words (3.8 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

The Basilica of St. Sernin is in Toulouse, France and represents traditional Romanesque architecture. St. Sernin is known for its vast amount of quality Romanesque sculpture. While the architect is unknown, the stone-vaulted building was built to honor the first bishop of Toulouse, Saint Saturnin, who was martyred in 250 C.E. The Basilica of St. Sernin gained importance after Charlemagne donated many relics in order for the church to gain visitors on their pilgrimage to Santiago de Compostela. Cathedral of Notre Dame de Chartres on the other hand is located in Chartres, France. The cathedral was reconstructed between 1194 and 1250 and is a prime example of High Gothic architecture. Notre Dame means “Our Lady” which refers to the Virgin Mary, accordingly it has a strong association with the cult of the virgin. Both churches feature a geometric Latin cross/cruciform floorplan that includes a central nave with transept and apse for the purpose of housing precious relics.

Floor Plans: St. Sernin (Left), Chartres Cathedral (Right)
St. Sernin, is considered a basilica, but digresses from the earlier Roman churches in a few ways including the fact that it is much larger compared to earlier churches, has an ambulatory and is constructed of brick, not stone. The nave is barrel vaulted and the aisles are groin vaulted. There are engaged columns that line the interior which distribute weight and are inspired by ancient Roman architecture. St. Sernin has nine chapels radiating from the central nave which were used to display important relics.
St. Sernin does not follow the traditional basilica plan, since it had to accommodate large amounts of pilgrims and locals who came to see the relics it housed on their way to Santiago de Composte...

... middle of paper ...

...g the Romanesque period.
The Gothic era was a highly tumultuous time with the struggles between church and state for authority, as well as, war, famine and plagues. At this time Europe was divided into a mass of city-states and kingdoms. The significance of Chartres Cathedral is that it is designed in high Gothic architecture that resolved the experimental structure of early Gothic churches. The architecture is revolutionary in its design with the use of stain glass and flying buttress supports and is one of the greatest achievements in the history of architecture. It also housed many relics given to the church by Charlemagne, especially the tunic belonging to the Blessed Virgin Mary. Charlemagne was gifted the relic during the crusade in Jerusalem. The faithful came from all over to honor the relic, as it was a part of the Marian Pilgrimage during the middle ages.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

Analysis of The Basilica of St. Denis Essay

- Ziggy Marley once said, “God is like the sun. When the sun shines, it shines for everyone. God is for everyone.” In the same way, Abbot Suger built the Basilica of St. Denis so that sunlight would flood throughout the building and symbolize the power of God inviting visitors into the cathedral. The Basilica of St. Denis was an artistic response to the rise of the Catholic Church’s power for it was modeled to be a physical representation of heaven, which the church heavily preached upon. (Thesis) As the basilica represented the shift from Romanesque architecture to Gothic, Abbot Suger introduced new techniques that transformed cathedrals to look more spacious and “heavenly”....   [tags: basilica, cathedral, church, abbot suger]

Better Essays
1483 words (4.2 pages)

The Papal Basilica Of St Peter 's Basilica Essay

- The Papal Basilica of St Peter in the Vatican, or simply St Peter’s Basilica is one of the largest church’s in the world with a total area of 44000 square meter, with 219 square meter of the basilica itself. (Dupre’, J., 2001, p.65) Located in Vatican City, the papal enclave within Rome, St Peter’s Basilica is the most renowned work of Renaissance architecture. There were 4 main architects who contributed to the project Donato Bramante, Michelangelo, Carlo Maderno, and Gian Lorenzo Bernini. Construction began on the new basilica on 18 April 1506 under Julius II, who also laid the first stone and was completed on 1615 under Paul V....   [tags: St. Peter's Basilica, Rome, Pope, Popes]

Better Essays
1030 words (2.9 pages)

Essay on Baroque Style Basilicas

- Baroque Artwork Throughout the Baroque Ages, many artists created paintings and sculptors due to their great religious beliefs or creativity during their time. It was the beginning of new masterpieces and the show of how creative the arts could be. Out of these masterpieces, there were three famous buildings that contained the most extravagant artwork. They are the St. Peter’s Basilica, the Versailles, and the Hampton Court. These works had great designs that were elegant and creative, which are perfect examples of baroque styles....   [tags: saint peter's basilica, versaies basilica]

Better Essays
953 words (2.7 pages)

The Construction of St. Peter's Basilica Essay

- The Constantinian, or Old St. Peter’s, Basilica was constructed c. 354 BCE. Having recently gained control of the land where the Vatican now sits, Constantine desired to display his power and wealth by building something magnificent. The grave of St. Peter was chose as the site for Constantine’s exhibition. Old St. Peter’s Basilica marked the alleged site of his burial, and became the most important building in the Roman Catholic Church. Pilgrimage to this shrine became the goal of many Christians throughout the Middle Ages and Early Renaissance....   [tags: the Vatican, maximum Roman Catholic Church]

Better Essays
758 words (2.2 pages)

The Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis Essay

- The Cathedral Basilica of St. Louis is one of the oldest churches in St. Louis. It is going to be a 100 years old with in a few months. There are many things that makes this church unique, First the two different designs that have been used in the exterior and the interior. The arches has an amazing art on them that makes them a pice of art for it self, However there are three domes they are colorful and has unique art pieces. This Church took around 83 years for it to bee done 7 years to the exterior to be finish and 76 years for the interior to be finish....   [tags: history, church, byzantine style ]

Better Essays
701 words (2 pages)

Cathédrale Notre-Dame de Chartres et Saint-Sernin Essay

- It’s the tenth of June in the year 1194. In a few hours’ time, the people of Chartres, France will awaken to the sound of crackling flames and the smell of thick, black smoke. This is the night that much of Chartres will burn to the ground, but the devastation will also include the destruction of the Notre-Dame de Chartres church. While some parts of the church have survived even to the present day, much of the original structure was consumed or severely damaged (Harriss). In this paper, I will be showing the key differences between the Romanesque and Gothic styles respectively, and how the existing Romanesque churches were converted to the new style....   [tags: France, French History, Gothic Cathedrals]

Better Essays
1512 words (4.3 pages)

My Experience At The Cathedral Basilica Of Saint Louis Essay

- On Sunday, April 10, 2016, I had the opportunity to tour the Cathedral Basilica of Saint Louis with one of my classmates, Mike Zervogiannis. Father Nicholas Smith was grateful enough to give up his Sunday night to give us a tour of the spectacular church. When I first arrived to the site, I could not believe how massive and unique the building was. The church looked like an ancient temple that would be seen in a different country. In addition, the massive double doors made the church look even more intimidating to a person who has never been there....   [tags: Eucharist, Catholic Church, Roman Catholic Church]

Better Essays
1180 words (3.4 pages)

Saint Sernin Of Toulouse And Notre Dame Of Paris Essay

- Saint Sernin of Toulouse and Notre Dame of Paris      When one thinks of St. Sernin and Notre Dame, one tends to think of two beautiful cathedrals, not to churches that portray two totally different styles of architecture. Those two styles are, of course, Romanesque in St. Sernin and the Gothic style of Notre Dame. Some characteristics that these two buildings share include quest for height, basic floor plan, and artistic flair. The period of Romanesque architecture, which lasted roughly from 1050 A.D....   [tags: Architecture Compare Contrast Essays]

Better Essays
694 words (2 pages)

Essay on The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy

- The Vatican: Saint Peter's Basilica, Rome, Italy "And I say also unto thee, That thou art Peter, and upon this rock I will build my church; and the gates of hell shall not prevail against it." Matthew 16:18 Saint Peter's Basilica in the Vatican is one of the most exquisite churches in the world. The Basilica's importance is derived from the Bible, from the book of Matthew. The Apostle Peter is buried under the High Altar of Saint Peter's Basilica, providing fulfillment to the directive that Jesus gave to Peter....   [tags: Church Rome Italy Essays]

Better Essays
2803 words (8 pages)

Basilica San Zeno Maggiore: Vernona, Italy Essay

- Basilica San Zeno Maggiore: Vernona, Italy ?On the west side of Verona Italy stands one of the city?s two beautiful basilicas, the Basilica San Zeno Maggiore.. The older of the two basilicas, San Zeno dates back to the year 1030.. Notable for her Romanesque style, San Zeno is equally fascinating to the modern viewer as she is historically significant.. There are two regional forms of Italian basilicas of the Medieval period: Tuscan and southern.. San Zeon is considered to be the most Romanesque basilica in Northern Italy....   [tags: Italy Monuments Geography Essays]

Better Essays
1201 words (3.4 pages)