Essay on Augustus Caesar: The Greatest Ruler in the Ancient World

Essay on Augustus Caesar: The Greatest Ruler in the Ancient World

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In the ancient world, some men were born into greatness while others dedicated their life to becoming great. Roman Emperor Augustus Caesar was part of the latter due to his achievements that set the foundation for an empire devastated by civil war. Despite the turmoil of the Roman Empire after the assassination of his adoptive father, Julius Caesar, he led Rome to social, political and economic prosperity and stability. His military tactics marked the beginning of a dynasty that saw a massive expansion of the Roman Empire. Thus, Augustus Caesar’s contributions to the Roman Empire mark him as the most influential ruler of the ancient world specifically due to the success of his social reforms, military expansions, and political innovations marking the beginning of an empire previously overwhelmed by chaos.
Socially, Augustus attempted to revive the traditional religious and moral values of the Roman society. Augustus was known for being a self-proclaimed “Restorer of the Republic”[1] and having been quoted as saying he “found Rome of brick and left it of marble”[2] clearly shows his ultimate goal of reviving Roman traditions and cultural values destroyed by the civil riots. His large scale reconstruction of the buildings and monuments destroyed during the civil war encouraged the survival of Roman art and culture. As a result, he increased the patriotism of the citizens and in the process, he increased his own popularity among the nation; a vital aspect to his long lasting reign. In fact, this was the basis for his introduction of new moral reforms that would restore the citizen’s faith and pride in the Roman Empire. Due to his strong belief in discouraging adultery while increasing the amount of legitimate Roman citizens...


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...clopedia Britannica. Web. 25 May 2014.
Fife, Steven. "Augustus' Political, Social, and Moral Reforms." Ancient History Encyclopedia. 18 Jan. 2012. Web. 25 May 2014.
Grant, Michael. "Military Successes." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica. Web. 25 May 2014.
Mark, Joshua J. "Augustus." Ancient History Encyclopedia. 22 Aug. 2010. Web. 25 May 2014.
Mark, Joshua J. "Roman Empire." Ancient History Encyclopedia. 28 Apr. 2011. Web. 25 May 2014.
McManus, Barbara F. "Augustus, the Principate, and Propaganda." Augustus, the Principate, and Propaganda. Web. 25 May 2014.
Morey, William C. "Outlines of Roman History, Chapter 23." Outlines of Roman History, Chapter 23. Web. 25 May 2014.
"Praetorian Guard." Praetorian Guard. Web. 25 May 2014.
"The Roman Army." The Roman Army. Web. 25 May 2014.
"The Roman Empire: In The First Century." PBS. PBS. Web. 23 May 2014.

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