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Racism Today



"...Everybody jumped on him, beat the hell out of him...  Everybody was hitting

him or kicking him.  One guy was kicking at his spine.  Another guy hitting on

the side of the face...  He was unconscious.  He was bleeding. Everybody had

blood on their forearms.  We ran back up the hill laughing... He should have

died...  He lost so much blood he turned white.  He got what he deserved"

(Ridgeway 167.)


        The skinheads who performed this random act of racial violence in 1990,

had no reason to brutally beat their victim other than the fact that he was

Mexican (Ridgeway 167).  Racism is objectively defined as any practice of ethnic

discrimination or segregation.  Fortunately, racial violence is steadily

declining as the turn of the century approaches.   Now a new form of racism,

covert racism, has recently sprung from the pressures of political correctness.

This new form of racism, although slowly declining, still shows signs of strong

support (Piazza 86).  Covert racism assumes a form of civil disobedience against

politically correct thought and speech. Essentially, covert racism is a "hidden"

racism, or a racism not easily detected (Piazza 78).  "Racism is still strongly

prevalent in today's society" (Gudorf 3).


        The three different basic forms of racism, open racism, violent racism,

and covert racism all express forms of hatred towards distinct ethnic groups

(Bender 47).  These basic forms of racism, although different in form, all have

the same main purpose, to promote racism. Open racism expresses freedom of

racial thought and speech.  Open racists promote their views through strictly

persuasionary tactics.  This form of racism is allowed in our society because of

the First Amendment.  Open racism is currently almost nonexistent and steadily

declining, because it is considered politically incorrect and socially

unacceptable. Violent racism promotes racism through violence, fear, and

persuasionary tactics (Leone 49)  This form of racism is not protected by the

First Amendment because it promotes violence to express its ideas.

Unfortunately many violent racial groups claim they do not promote violence, and

therefore these groups are protected by the First Amendment because not enough

sufficient evidence exists to prove their violent intent (Ridgeway 123).


        Covert racism expresses ideas of racism in disguised forms; sometimes

the covert racist is not even aware of the fact that he is racist.  "Racism, it

is asserted, is no longer blatant: people nowadays are reluctant to express

openly their dislike of and contempt for minorities, indeed are not prepared to

express publicly a sentiment that could be interpretted as racist.  Racism, it

is said, is subtle: it is disguised, kept out of sight" (Enrlich 73)  "The

suggestion that there is a new racism--a racism that has a new strength

precisely because it doesn't appear to be racism--deserves serious

consideration" (Piazza 66).  Avoiding minorities on the street and denial of a

public benefit to a minority which would be awarded to a white are examples of

covert racism.  "Since it is no longer politically correct to openly express

one's racist views, people therefore favor disguised, indirect ways to express

their bigotry" (Piazza 68).  Covert racism is the most abundant form of racism

in our society today.


        What causes racism?  Unfortunately, the answer is much longer and

detailed than the question.  The three main causes for racism are: racism has

become part of our heritage, right-wing racial and political groups, and pride

in one's own race.


       Practically since the dawn of man's existence man has undoubtedly noticed

differences between races.  "Racism's presence throughout the formation of our

culture is quite evident" (Tucker 17).  Frequently throughout history the ethnic

group with the most power has assumed that its race and culture are superior to

others.  The same incident even occurred in America with the introduction of

slaves.  Throughout American history, racism has been strongly prevalent.

"Racism's roots lie deep within the foundation of our society" (Tucker 19).

These roots undoubtedly are the source for a great many of the racist groups and

covert racism ideas found throughout our society.


        Extremist social and political groups, particularly those advocating

right-wing policies of racial inequality, promote racism as well.  These groups

serve as the epitome of racial thought and speech (Ridgeway 10). The following

represent various racist groups found throughout the United States: John Birch

Society, Ku Klux Klan, Knights of the KKK, Invisible Empire, NAAWP, White Aryan

Resistance, American Front, Nazi Skinheads, Posse Comitatus, Aryan Nations, The

Order, and National Alliance (Ridgeway 15).  All of these groups are given the

freedom  to express their ideas of racism because of the First Amendment (CIEQ

16).  Although the First Amendment protects the speech of these groups, many

none the less find it necessary to use violence to promote their cause.  Racist

groups now make extensive use of covert racism to extend their message of racism

throughout our society.  This form of racism has proven quite effective, in the

past ten years, at persuading others to adopt racist ideas (Piazza 69).  These

groups serve as a symbol of racism itself to many in our society (Ridgeway 29).


        A large source of the racism present in our society stems from one's

pride in his own race.  Many people, especially those associated with racist

groups, find it necessary to put down other ethnic groups in an attempt to

strengthen their own (Bender 113).  This mode of thought and reasoning usually

results in extreme hatred of other races and an overall sense of bigotry.

Reasoning in this manner equates to many associated with racist groups.  Pride

in one's race may eventually lead to covert racism thought (Piazza 87).


        Covert racism affects our society in a variety of different manners.

"Indeed it should be said that covert racism has permanently scarred our society,

both politically and socially" (Piazza 1). Racial politics have changed since

the era of the civil rights movement, when the issue of race,  at its heart,

came down fundamentally to whether whites were prepared to accept other races as

their equals (Bloom 29). "Now, however, the issue of race has become more

complex^×more complex because there are now multiple agendas including

affirmative action, quotas, and set-asides" (Piazza 34).   The main agenda

revolves around affirmative action, steps taken by an employer, school, or other

institution to expand oppurtunities for blacks, hispanic people, women or other

minority groups.  "The clear implications of the most recent Supreme Court

decisions on affirmative action programs is that such programs will be upheld in

certain circumstances to remedy past discrimination" (Bloom 48).  However, many

whites view this special treatment of minorities for past discrimination as

discrimination towards themselves.  This "reverse discrimination" has lead to

many debates and controversies concerning race and racial politics (Piazza 30).

Unfortunately this sort of political environment encourages covert racism in

many whites as a counterattack against affirmative action.  Our political system

must first become racially unbiased before our society may become more

ethnically diverse. If all men are created equal, then why should differences in

race matter? Unfortunately our society has not lived up to the standards set by

its forefathers.  Racism, especially covert racism, still affects our society

socially.  Covert racism is a form of civil disobedience for racists to spread

ideas of racism throughout our society (Piazza 68).

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