Recently, the media has spent an increasing amount of broadcast time on new technology. The focus of high-tech media has been aimed at the flurry of advances concerning artificial intelligence (AI). What is artificial intelligence and what is the media talking about? Are these technologies beneficial to our society or potential threats? Medical facilities, police departments, and manufacturing plants have all been changed by AI. Will machine language and artificial neural network replace humans in the future?
Artificial intelligence is defined as developing computer programs to solve complex problems by applications of processes that are analogous to human reasoning processes. Roughly speaking, a computer is intelligent to the extent that it does the right thing rather than the wrong thing. The right thing is whatever action is most likely to achieve the goal, or, in more technical terms, the action that maximizes expected utility. AI includes tasks such as learning, reasoning, planning, perception, language understanding, and robotics.
After modern computers became available following World War-II, it has become possible to create programs that perform difficult academic tasks. The study of logic led directly to the discovery of the programmable digital electronic computer, based on the work of mathematician Alan Turing and others. Turing 's theory of calculation suggested that a machine, by shuffling symbols as simple as "0" and "1", could replicate any conceivable (imaginable) act of mathematical assumption.
Alan Turing argued that if the machine could successfully pretend to be human to a knowledgeable observer then you certainly should consider it intelligent. This test would satisfy most people but ...
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...tems exhibiting common-sense knowledge, tying together learning and performance across all these modalities. Specialized systems for acquiring and organizing scientific knowledge and managing complex hypotheses will probably have a very significant impact in molecular biology, systems biology, and medicine; we might begin to see similar impacts in the social sciences and in policy formation, particularly given the massive increase in machine-readable data about human activities and the need for machines to understand human values if they are to be reliably useful.
“If we use, to achieve our purposes, a mechanical agency with whose operation we cannot interfere effectively, we had better be quite sure that the purpose put into the machine is the purpose which we really desire." (Wiener, 1960) Will humans be replaced by Artificial Intelligence? Only time will tell.
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