Drawing from Ph.II.3 and Metaph.I.3 Aristotle’s accounts for four specific causes of things; Modification takes place bestowing to four dissimilar kinds of cause. These causes may also be elucidated as explanations; they describe diverse ways of why the change came to be. The four causes are material cause, which explains what something is made of; formal cause, which explains the form or pattern to which a thing corresponds; efficient cause, which is what we ordinarily mean by “cause,” the original source of the change; and final cause, which is the intended purpose of the change. For example, when making a car, the material cause is the materials the car is made of, the formal cause is the engineers design, the efficient cause is the development of building it, and the final cause is to provide a form of transportation to arriving and leaving one place to another. Natural objects, such as fl...
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Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 194b, 24-25.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 194b, 27.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 194b, 30.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 194b, 31.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 195a, 24-25.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Physics . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 198a, 25-30.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Metaph . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 983a, 24-26.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Metaph . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 983a, 26-28.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Metaph . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 983b, 9-10.
Aristotle. "Selections ." Aristotle. Metaph . Cambridge: Hackett, 1995. 983b, 12-13.
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