Aristotle on Nature
Aristotle discusses in Physics Book 2 that nature has motion. He clearly states ?Of things that exist, some exit by nature, some from other causes. By nature the animals and their parts exist, and the plants and the simple bodies (earth, fire, air, water) ? for we say that these exist by nature? (Physics, Book II, Chapter I, 192b 9-11).
I claim that even when things of nature are turned into artifacts (desks, statues, buildings, etc.) that the inherent motion that nature has given the base materials remains and that nothing man can do will change the end. I will do this by first showing the differences between how motion causes things like stone, wood, earth, etc. to move from the basic nature of these materials to the realized end of say a desk, statue, or house and the natural motion that is inherent within the materials. I will then show that the causes will affect the external motion but the inherent motion of nature will continue towards the final privation of the original material. I will then show that chance does not play in the original material. We only see chance in the external causes. I will show that Aristotle?s overall claim, that the internal movement of all things within nature is what nature controls, and, though we can change the eternal appearances we still have the original material that moves from creation to privation. I will also show that the materials are changed into anything they simply are moved from one state of appearance to another according to the external movement of the craftsman creating the items or building being desired. Finally I will show that the material need to exist before house as the house cannot exist...
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...en change the appearance of the material but not the internal movement of said material. The end result is that no matter how hard we try to curtail the privation of our creations nature internal movement that each material possess moves towards it privation and eventual return to nature. As explained the priority of sequence is how this can be determined, first we have nature, then we have materials, then we have the artificial form that we draw up and desire, then we have the change of nature?s materials into our desired end, and finally we have the end for the form we created be it the house we live in or the art we admire. But even though we may pat ourselves on the back nature?s movement is always present always marching on to the privation of the materials themselves. We may slow the end of the materials but nature will always win.
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