Anti Jewish Feeling Throughout Roman Catholic Europe Developed During The Twelfth Century

Anti Jewish Feeling Throughout Roman Catholic Europe Developed During The Twelfth Century

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Anti-Jewish feeling throughout Roman Catholic Europe developed during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and was based on the previous one thousand years of tradition. The Adversus Iudaeos canonical writings were the foundations upon which the polemics were constructed and they also revealed the precise apprehensions that those contemporaneous churchman and church fathers had. During the thirteenth century, the impact of new conversos could be seen in the polemical writings that were produced. Those writings no longer depended on traditional polemical thoughts and philosophies but rather made use of the previously unknown sources of post-biblical Jewish literature, especially the Talmud and Midrash.
In spite of a long history of polemical writings, they can be concisely summarised in to different periods of adjustment, simply because although the Adversus Iudaeos extends from the beginning of Christianity, the arguments and sources used are very restricted and narrow in terms of the repetition of influences that were used . Many arguments from the patristic period such as Justin Martyr’s Dialog with Trypho and Tertullian’s Adversus Iudaeos have almost indistinguishable arguments regarding the Jews and Judaism. With the single source of polemical writings being the Old Testament, these writers focused on Jesus of Nazareth being the Messiah and the inability of the Jews to recognise him as such. There was also the emphasis on the Hebrew writings being the precursor of the New Testament, thus giving the New Testament authority and again, the Jews being unable to see the revelations in their own scriptures and so being blinded to the truth. Thus Christianity emerged as the “true Israel” as the laws of Moses were rescinded by the n...

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...s and Kings of France, Spain, Portugal and England and to collect any Jewish books that were to be found in synagogues on the first Sabbath of Lent in 1240. Once the books were collected, they were to be burnt if they were found to contain doctrinal errors. The only King who acted upon these instructions was Louis IX of France and he decided that he would call a proceeding during which the Jews would be able to defend themselves. The disputation took place between Donin and Rabbi Yehiel ben Joseph of Paris and was followed by a formal trial of the Talmud, the consequence of which resulted in the burning of thousands of Hebrew manuscripts with prompting from the King. Pope Innocent IV later repeated the request and any remaining copies were to be burnt .
The next major attack on Judaism by the Christians was the Disputation that took place in Barcelona in 1263.

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