Anti Jewish Feeling Throughout Roman Catholic Europe Developed During The Twelfth Century

Anti Jewish Feeling Throughout Roman Catholic Europe Developed During The Twelfth Century

Length: 1366 words (3.9 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Strong Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Anti-Jewish feeling throughout Roman Catholic Europe developed during the twelfth and thirteenth centuries and was based on the previous one thousand years of tradition. The Adversus Iudaeos canonical writings were the foundations upon which the polemics were constructed and they also revealed the precise apprehensions that those contemporaneous churchman and church fathers had. During the thirteenth century, the impact of new conversos could be seen in the polemical writings that were produced. Those writings no longer depended on traditional polemical thoughts and philosophies but rather made use of the previously unknown sources of post-biblical Jewish literature, especially the Talmud and Midrash.
In spite of a long history of polemical writings, they can be concisely summarised in to different periods of adjustment, simply because although the Adversus Iudaeos extends from the beginning of Christianity, the arguments and sources used are very restricted and narrow in terms of the repetition of influences that were used . Many arguments from the patristic period such as Justin Martyr’s Dialog with Trypho and Tertullian’s Adversus Iudaeos have almost indistinguishable arguments regarding the Jews and Judaism. With the single source of polemical writings being the Old Testament, these writers focused on Jesus of Nazareth being the Messiah and the inability of the Jews to recognise him as such. There was also the emphasis on the Hebrew writings being the precursor of the New Testament, thus giving the New Testament authority and again, the Jews being unable to see the revelations in their own scriptures and so being blinded to the truth. Thus Christianity emerged as the “true Israel” as the laws of Moses were rescinded by the n...


... middle of paper ...


...s and Kings of France, Spain, Portugal and England and to collect any Jewish books that were to be found in synagogues on the first Sabbath of Lent in 1240. Once the books were collected, they were to be burnt if they were found to contain doctrinal errors. The only King who acted upon these instructions was Louis IX of France and he decided that he would call a proceeding during which the Jews would be able to defend themselves. The disputation took place between Donin and Rabbi Yehiel ben Joseph of Paris and was followed by a formal trial of the Talmud, the consequence of which resulted in the burning of thousands of Hebrew manuscripts with prompting from the King. Pope Innocent IV later repeated the request and any remaining copies were to be burnt .
The next major attack on Judaism by the Christians was the Disputation that took place in Barcelona in 1263.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Fall Of The Roman Empire Essay

- Religion Following the fall of the Roman Empire in the year 476, England proceeded to go through a series of 4 historical periods. Known as the Anglo-Saxon, Anglo-Norman, Medieval, and the Renaissance periods, they are long spans of time that are clearly divided by major historical events. The Anglo-Saxon period begins with the fall of the Roman Empire. England is then invaded by people from the northern region of Europe. The Anglo-Norman period begins with the French invasion of England, which lasts until the Hundred Years War in about 1300....   [tags: Renaissance, Protestant Reformation, Pope]

Strong Essays
1466 words (4.2 pages)

The Alexiad By Anna Comena Essay

- The Alexiad, written by Anna Comena is a vivid description of her father Emperor Alexis Comenna I and his rule and events associated with him from 1081–1118. The book is a chronicle as it a historical account of her father and his rule, however it is incredibly bias but can be used by historians to understand the Byzantine perspective on many events during Alexis’s rule. In the book Anna outlines her father’s life before he is emperor in book one, which talks about his early years as a solider in service to Emperor Romanus Diogenes and his years as a general in service to the Eastern Roman Empire, throughout the early chapters in the book up until book three when he becomes emperor after a...   [tags: Byzantine Empire, Roman Empire, Alexios I Komnenos]

Strong Essays
1268 words (3.6 pages)

Roman Grand Strategy in the Mid 4th Century Essay

- The idea of a Roman grand strategy has been an often-debated topic. Edward Luttwak originally purported the idea that during the crises of the third century, Roman grand strategy began to shift to a defense in depth approach, stripping the borders of their defenses and creating a large mobile field army. Thereafter, the defense in depth approach remained the prominent Roman grand strategy employed throughout the third to fifth centuries. Arther Ferrill also corroborates this account of a shift in Roman grand strategy to a defense in depth approach....   [tags: Roman History ]

Strong Essays
2705 words (7.7 pages)

The Roman Empire Of The Third Century Essay

- The Roman Empire of the third century saw a period of great instability due to the short reigns of its many emperors. It was dangerous to be the emperor in an era that was filled with rebellions and multiple men vying for the throne. In response to their precarious position at the head of the empire, many third century emperors tried to bolster their power through whatever means necessary. These men bought the loyalty of the army while subduing the political and military threat that the Senate posed....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Roman Republic]

Strong Essays
1413 words (4 pages)

Analyzing Themes in William Shakespeare's Twelfth Night Essay

- William Shakespeare, an English writer in the seventeenth century. He is considered to be the most influential writer in English literature. He wrote various genres, but the common types he wrote were: Tragedies, Comedies, and Histories. Among the many plays he wrote he wrote one his most famous play, “Twelfth Night”, which he wrote during the middle of his career. “Twelfth Night” is considered to be one of Shakespeare’s greatest comedies that he has written. In addition to it is also the only play that he wrote that has an alternate title which is called, “Twelfth Night, or What You Will”....   [tags: Twelfth Night]

Strong Essays
1477 words (4.2 pages)

Essay about The Roman And Western Roman Empire

- The Roman civilization can easily be considered one of the most fascinating civilizations in all of written history. While the Romans were notorious for “borrowing” most of their culture from elsewhere, it cannot be doubted that they had a significant impact on the rest of the world. Thus, explaining why their culture is so well studied. The roman history encompasses multiple wars, several bloody battles, many powerful emperors and even the splitting of the expansive empire into the Eastern and Western Roman Empires....   [tags: Roman Empire, Ancient Rome, Western Roman Empire]

Strong Essays
850 words (2.4 pages)

Love and Deceit in Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night Essay

- Love, quite an indescribable word, has such an impact upon people as to cause deceit and overall confusion in every relationship. In Will Shakespeare’s play Twelfth Night or What You Will, Shakespeare attempts to have a great balance of both cruelty and joy while also containing comical qualities to this romantic play. Throughout Twelfth Night or What You Will, Shakespeare uses puns with characters such as Viola to cross-dress and change their identity. "She attires herself in the disguise of a page, as the best protection against uncivil comments, till she can gain some tidings of her brother" (O'Connor) while Viola is disguising herself as a boy, she falls in love with her employer, Duke...   [tags: Twelfth Night Essays]

Strong Essays
1723 words (4.9 pages)

Essay about Literary Analysis of Shakespeare's Twelfth Night

- Shakespeare’s Twelfth Night is a play with themes that parallel the folly of the festival it is named after. The main storyline of the plot plays on this a lot by mixing up the stereotypes around gender that were very present at the time. However, a sub-plot involving secondary characters defines this theme even more. It takes the idea even further by relating servants’ attempts to blur the lines between social classes. Twelfth Night’s Maria and Malvolio both have great aspirations to rise above their social class....   [tags: Twelfth Night]

Strong Essays
928 words (2.7 pages)

The Fools in Twelfth Night Essay

- The Fools of Twelfth Night         It is not unusual that the fool should be a prominent figure and make an important contribution in forming the confusion and the humor in an Elizabethan drama. In William Shakespeare's comedy, Twelfth Night, Feste the clown is not the only fool who is subject to foolery. He and many other characters combine their silly acts and wits to invade other characters that either escape reality or live a dream. In Twelfth Night, Feste, Maria and Sir Toby are the fools that make the comedy work in many senses....   [tags: Twelfth Night Essays]

Strong Essays
1086 words (3.1 pages)

Essay on Wisdom in Twelfth Night

- Beyond Seriousness to Wisdom in Twelfth Night         Shakespeare seems preoccupied with madness and folly in Twelfth Night. The word "fool" and its variants ("foolery," "foolish," and so forth) appear eighty times in the play, and the word "folly" occurs seven times. There are, in addition, other means of indicating foolishness such as Maria's "Now, sir, thought is free" (1.3.67). As Feste suggests, "Foolery ... does walk about the orb like the sun; it shines everywhere" (3.1.39-40). Robert Armin, who originated the role of Feste, was fascinated by fools and wrote Foole upon Foole, a book which treated this subject....   [tags: Twelfth Night essays]

Strong Essays
2734 words (7.8 pages)