Eric Foner claims the definition of Federalism refers to the relationship between the national government and the states. Unlike the Constitution, the Articles of Confederation came with many weaknesses. Some provided by our powerpoint include that the Federal government had no power to make the states obey the Articles and laws that were passed by the legislature. The states also had the power to tax, and the opportunity to print their own money. Our powerpoint focuses on the $10 million Congress owed to other countries, as well as the $40 million it owed to the American veterans. The Constitution differed. Foner states that not only did the Constitution enhance national authority, but it also permitted Congress to levy taxes, conduct commerce, confirm war, deal with the foreign nations and Indians, and rent and help the “general welfare”. According to the powerpoint, Federalists focused on the weaknesses of the Articles of Confederation.
The Federalists trusted that the Constitution was capable enough to fix the country’s problems. Our powerpoint states that the Federalists were led by Alexander Hamilton and James Madison. The Anti-Federalists on the other hand, did not agree. The powerpoint mentions that they attacked every area of the Constitution, but two of its features attracted the most criticism. One was the extremely increased powers of the central government. The second included the lack of “bill of rights” that would have provided necessary liberties including freedom of speech and religion.
One agreement the Constitution consisted of was the three-fifths Compromise. Foner states that the Constitution did not allow the national government to meddle with slavery in the states. This meant that three ...
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...f.” The Anti-Federalists also did not agree with the Bill of Rights that were not included in the Constitution. Foner states that the most of the Anti-Federalism got its support from small farmers located in confined rural areas. After Madison promised that the first Congress would accomplish a Bill of Rights and the nine states had approved, Foner claims the Anti-Federalist group died out.
Although the Anti-Federalists group had very understandable beliefs and concerns, Foner acknowledges the fact that they eventually perished. Though this did not change their beliefs. Foner claims that many of the Anti-Federalists opinions ended up entering into the governmental mainstream. He also mentions that Anti-Federalist still believe that a too-powerful central government is an extreme danger to liberty. Their beliefs have maintained affecting American political culture.
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