Analysis Of Steele And Aronson 's Research On School With Black And White Students

Analysis Of Steele And Aronson 's Research On School With Black And White Students

Length: 1423 words (4.1 double-spaced pages)

Rating: Better Essays

Open Document

Essay Preview

Within their introduction, Steele and Aronson wrote about how persistent negative stereotypes can cause people to feel vulnerable and anxious. The researchers focused on performance in school with black students compared to white students, and how even measuring intelligence could induce the threat while white students would not have this problem (798-799).
The first study Steele and Aronson conducted was composed of 114 male and female, black and white participants who were undergraduates at Stanford. The participants were split into three groups: the diagnostic condition, where they were told the test was a diagnostic of intellectual ability; the non-diagnostic-only condition, in which participants were told the test was a laboratory tool for studying problem solving; and the non-diagnostic-challenge question, where participants were told it was both a problem-solving tool and a challenge (799). It was hypothesized that black participants would underperform relative to white participants in the diagnostic condition. The independent variable is whether or not they believe the test measures intelligence or is a challenge, while the dependent variable is how the black participants perform better, worse, or just as well as the white participants.
The participants took a thirty-minute exam that was composed of items from the verbal Graduate Record Examination (GRE). All participants were told about the test during the procedure, and were told that it was difficult. However, participants in the diagnostic condition were told that it was concerned with “personal factors involved in performance on problems requiring reading and verbal reading ability” (799). Participants in the non-diagnostic-only condition were told to try hard even ...


... middle of paper ...


...cipants were told that the test was difficult, so to expect to get few items correct, so they already had lower expectations.
However, I wonder if in the second study, only having female participants added another confound. Women also have negative stereotypes associated with them and performance in school. Adding this in, along with the stereotype threat black participants felt, could have influenced the results differently if a mix of male and female participants had been used. I also thought that in some experiments there was a white confederate proctoring the test, this could also add in a confound. It could make white participants feel more comfortable and black participants feel uncomfortable. Other than those things, the four studies discussed in this article did prove that stereotype threat is a reality in minority groups where there are negative stereotypes.

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »

The Age of White Guilt by Shelby Steele Essay

- The Real Fault INTRODUCTION: “On his show Monday night, Sean Hannity spoke with Ann Coulter about the racism and the narrative she said the media is pushing in order to avoid discussing difficult issues. Everyone would be better off without “white guilt,” Coulter argued — decrying that all liberals want to talk about is racism.Rattling off a list of foreign policy concerns, Hannity noted that Democrats aren’t talking about any of those issues, “because all they can do is accuse Republicans of racism.” We’ve gotten to a point where everything is deemed racist, he and Coulter agreed....   [tags: white guilt, republicans, racism]

Better Essays
1540 words (4.4 pages)

Essay on Review of Social Psychology Book by Claude Steele

- Claude Steele, in his book “Whistling Vivaldi,” sheds new light on how pervasive stereotypes can influence individual’s behavior and academic performance, and how they perpetuate in different social groups. Stereotype threat, as defined by Steele, is “being at risk of confirming, as self-characteristic, a negative stereotype about a social group one identifies with.” (Steele, 1997) It is a general phenomenon – standard predicament of life – that springs from intersubjectivity. (p.5) We tend to spontaneously categorize and label people according to their social groups....   [tags: whistling vivaldi,stereotype threat,claude steele]

Better Essays
1452 words (4.1 pages)

The Age of White Guil by Shelby Steele Essay

- Does the color of your skin or your ethnic background affect your character, personality, and success directly. Biologically speaking, of course not. Psychologically speaking, it strangely does. One key concept that can be applied is FAE (fundamental attribution error) and it can be applied in variety of scenarios. Take academics for example, as math tests are passed back for review it is revealed that I've earned high A's, meanwhile my peers aren't as "fortunate". They've earned lesser scores and what's to fault....   [tags: prize of freedom, racism, stigma, guilt]

Better Essays
1259 words (3.6 pages)

Essay on Analysis Of Claude M. Steele 's ' Whistling Vivaldi '

- Claude M. Steele is the author of “ Whistling Vivaldi”, which mainly represents that the meaning of identity contingencies and stereotype threat, and how can these effect people’s ideas and behaviors. By writing this article, Steele tries to make people know exist of identity contingencies. Gina Crosley-Corcoran, who is a white woman suffered the poverty in her childhood. Through describing her miserable experiences in parallel construction to motivate readers sympathize her, moreover approving that she can as a powerful evidence for affirming the impact of identity contingencies....   [tags: White people, Black people, Race, Racism]

Better Essays
1087 words (3.1 pages)

The True Costs Of College Essay

- As a result of this compartmentalization of counseling efforts, the quality and quantity of information shared is affected, with some counselors becoming ambivalent towards their role in the college knowledge process. The training and understanding of the true costs of college attendance and the various options afforded to college counselors, does not always trickle down to the guidance counselors. The guidance counselor with whom the student has formed a trusting relationship with may be ineffective in explaining, to parents and students that financial aid is designed to equalize opportunity across private and public colleges....   [tags: School counselor, High school, College]

Better Essays
975 words (2.8 pages)

Analysis Of Claude Steele 's ' Whistling Vivaldi ' Essay

- There have been many instances where I have faced hardship in a classroom setting because of my identity. I had to face stereotypes of me being less capable both academically and socially because of my identity and this occurred mostly during high school. An identity can be what a person relates themselves to, such as but not limited to ethnicity and gender. The things that have a negative impact on someone’s identity are stereotype threat and identity threat. How a person sees their identity can greatly affect their performance in their everyday life....   [tags: High school, Stereotypes, Stereotype]

Better Essays
1294 words (3.7 pages)

The Whistling Vivaldi By David M. Steele Essay

- The news is one of the most outstretching form of media available in the world today, people are able to access it through multiple platforms, newspapers, applications, television, and even social media. With access to information literally in the palm of the hands of citizens, it is a highly accessible platform to share information with the everyday Joes and Janes of the world. However, a portion of the news today ties in well with Claude M. Steele’s book “The Whistling Vivaldi” due to the fact it often brings forth questions of whether or not stereotyping, racism and identifying peoples of different races in a negative light comes into play, there are several great examples of where the m...   [tags: Discrimination, Racism, Stereotype]

Better Essays
1011 words (2.9 pages)

The Billy White Fifth Day Adventist School Essay

- The Billy White Seventh Day Adventist School was established in 1996. Once known as one the 10 worst schools in the country of Belize, because of having less than 15% of students passing the countries standardized examinations. Picture if you will a rural village, with a population of 600 persons or less, majority of them illegal squatters from the surrounding countries of Guatemala, el Salvador, Honduras, and even panama, with not even the basics of the English language or any formal schooling themselves....   [tags: Teacher, Education, School, High school]

Better Essays
1213 words (3.5 pages)

Book Report on Head Case by Sarah Aronson Essay examples

- I read the book Head Case by Sarah Aronson. Characters Frank Marder: Frank is the main character of the book. When he is seventeen, Frank makes a poor decision to drink and drive after a party. He crashes his car and kills two people and is paralyzed from the neck down. The struggle of dealing with his paralysis is a reminder of the accident that he must learn to cope with every day. At the end of the book, Frank learns to accept his condition and becomes grateful for what he still is able to do....   [tags: characters, plot, theme, setting, conflict]

Better Essays
678 words (1.9 pages)

White Privilege Is All Of The White Essay example

- Have you ever heard of the term white privilege. In case you haven’t, or if you’re not sure what it is exactly, white privilege is all of the societal privileges that benefit white people and that non-white people do not experience. If you are white, your first thought might be to say, “Well, that’s not real. I don’t experience any special benefits that non-white people do not.” But it is real and you do. When you get a paper cut and you go to grab one of your “flesh colored” bandages, it will actually match your skin color because apparently light beige is the “normal” skin color for everyone....   [tags: Black people, White people, Race, Racism]

Better Essays
2156 words (6.2 pages)