Analysis Of ' Macbeth ' By William Shakespeare Essay

Analysis Of ' Macbeth ' By William Shakespeare Essay

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Sixth, Psychological Lens deals with the most important question of why. It looks into the work of literature as a fictional expression of the personality, state of mind, feelings, and desires of the author or character. Many readers want to know why a certain character did the things they did or why would the author write this work and Psychological Lens helps to explain this. For instance, Macbeth kills to gain power and keep it. The drama states,” Macbeth: ‘I have done the deed. Didst thou not hear a noise?’” (Shakespeare 25). Macbeth wants to be king so bad that he convinces himself to kill Duncan in order to rise to power. His conscience does not see the wrong in it therefore he is able to carry out the deed. Additionally, Lady Macbeth wants to be in power, but she cannot because she is a woman. The drama states,” Lady Macbeth: ‘What cannot you and I perform upon/ The unguarded Duncan? what not put upon/ His spongy officers, who shall bear the guilt/ Of our great quell?’” (Shakespeare 21). Lady Macbeth wants power so bad that she convinces herself that her husband has to kill in order to get the benefits of power. During this time period kings were common, and they passed the throne down to their sons not daughters. By Macbeth coming into power, Lady Macbeth could finally have power.
Seventh, Marxist Lens looks at who has the power and who has the money, and the result of this conflict. The lens is based on the economic and cultural theory of Karl Marx, the founder of Socialism and The Communist Manifesto. It looks more in depth at class struggles and the rich versus the poor. For example, the lords in Macbeth have all the power and money, and the porter does not. The drama states,” Scene 4. The palace. Banquet prepared. En...


... middle of paper ...


...ero image. He kills innocent people just for his own gain and becomes a traitor of his kingdom.
In the end, Macbeth by William Shakespeare can be looked through by many different lenses. The lenses of Reader Response, Historical/ Biographical, Cultural Poetics, Formalist, Structuralist, Psychological, Marxist, Feminist/ Gender, Trauma, and Deconstructive can be used to help understand the piece of literature a higher level. The narrative explores the ideas of oppression and feminism all while creating an interesting plot line to use the lenses on to understand. Although the term “literary lenses” is relatively new, they help to cast aside discrimination or bring it to light for a higher appreciation of literature. So what are literary lenses? They help to show multiple angles of a piece of literature in order to derive themes, settings, and understanding of the work.

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