Plath uses the reversal of gender stereotypes/roles within Daddy, which could be interpreted as an attempt to empower women. In 1962 when the poem had been written women could not achieve any equality within the work place; Kennedy 's Commission on the Status of Women produced a report in 1963 that revealed, among other things, that women earned 59 cents for every dollar that men earned and were kept out of the more lucrative professional positions. When the 1964 Civil Rights Act was going through Congress, an amendment made it illegal to discriminate on the basis of gender as well as race. Even though women’s rights were progressing they had not progressed enough and women were still being dominated by males. She uses the phrase ‘any more back shoe, in which I lived like a foot’, the use of the word ‘foot’ could be referring to men as the shoe then women being the foot therefore the men have persue the needs of women rather than it being the other way around which was a general ideology at the time. The foot is also located at the lower of the body which could be interpreted as Plath saying that men are bellow women, which could link into gender hierarchy of women being above men, predominantly giving them more pow...
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...ugh how they’ve oppressed women. Plath could be also seen as empowering women through demonstrating the flaws within a male dominated society like when being in WW2 Germany under the rule of Hitler. ‘I have always been scared of you, with your Luftwaffe, your gobbledygoo.’ By saying this she could be saying that the sexist attitudes do not make sense, which is hinted through the word ‘gobbledygoo’, this could be saying that the ideologies do not make sense.
Throughout the poem of ‘Daddy’ women are regularly described as the victims of sexism and inequality. Plath uses this to empower women by challenging these ideologies embedded within society and drawing attention to them. With the feminist movement on the rise during the publishing her poem, it highlights that women’s rights had a large amount of work to do before they were considered a valued member of society.
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