An Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Phaedo Dialogue ' Essay

An Analysis Of Plato 's ' The Phaedo Dialogue ' Essay

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Plato is one of the most famous Greek philosophers who has many published works that contributes to the field of ethics. In many of his philosophical debates, Plato claims that the soul never perishes after death and only the body dies. One of Plato 's famous works that argues for the immortality of the soul is the Socratic dialogue, The Phaedo. In this dialogue, Phaedo is telling the story of Socrates ' death, who appears as the main character in the dialogue. Socrates was executed by drinking poison hemlock after the state of Athens accused him of corrupting the youth. The dialogue depicts Socrates as a great philosopher who does not fear death and remains calm while practicing philosophical debates with his students during his last few hours in life.
In the Phaedo dialogue, Plato presents three important arguments in order to convincingly demonstrate the soul 's immortality: the argument of opposites, the argument of souls surviving death, and the argument of pre-existing souls or what is called the recollection argument. In fact, these three arguments are related to each other and cannot stand on their own to draw Plato 's final conclusion that the human soul is immortal. The recollection argument is the most interesting one because of Plato 's way to draw the final conclusion of the argument. Plato 's premises for the recollection argument follow an irrefutable logic. Therefore, the argument is logically valid. However, the soundness of the argument can be put into question since there are gaps and some degree of vagueness to the premises.
In the dialogue, Plato constructed the premises of the recollection argument as follows:
1)Plato argues that "what we call learning is recollection"(Plato, 73b, P.138). He explains furth...


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... Muslim philosophers think that Allah the God created the souls before creating the bodies. Each soul has to wait for Allah 's permission to descend to the earth and bring a baby in the woman womb to life. After the person live on this earth and experience death his soul will be drawn from his body and will be kept in good place or bad place according to what the person did during his life. The soul will stay in that place until the judgment day, where all dead bodies will get up from graves. At judgment day, Allah will decide whether the soul needs to stay in heaven forever or it will go to paradise. I believe that our understanding of the soul’s immortality will not be complete until we experience death and separating from the body. Therefore, Plato 's argument about pre-existence of the souls is just thoughts and ideas that need faith to be proven and not logic.

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