The modern world is fuelled by oil (Youngquest, 1998). This reality has brought tremendous changes and developments that is continuously transforming the modern period, changing its lifestyles and economies in the last 200 years. However, these changes do not only paved for modernization and development, but it has also paved for the environmental crisis that the world is now facing (Bodley, 2008). Environmental crisis refers to the degradation of the environmental quality due to human intervention in natural processes. In other words, as human beings consume and deplete the resources of the world, our industrial by-products are piling up (Bodley, 2008). As such, it is important to stress the fact that environmental crisis is not only about environmental problems, but it is about the intertwined concerns regarding politics, economics, society and ideologies (Bodley 2008, p. 43).
In this regard, this research will try to address one of the most important environmental issues that we are: are alternative energy sources the answer to ending human dependence to oil? This is an important question because the reality of human dependence to oil is attested by the fact that countries all over the globe have to ensure energy security to sustain their economies and in case they fail, the threat of conflict becomes unavoidable (Moran and Russell, 2008). Furthermore, as of 2009, 85 percent of total primary energy consumption involves the use of fossil fuels – oil, natural gas and coal (Statistical Review of World Energy, 2009) and this is a big issue because oil is finite. In addition, the peril of global warming coupled with the probability of the increase in consumpt...
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...to oil, which is liberating in itself.
Bodley, J.H. (2008). Anthropology and Contemporary Human Problems 5th Edition, UK:
Bronson, R. (2006). Thicker Than Oil: America’s Uneasy Alliance with Saudi Arabia. Oxford:
Oxford University Press.
Denisov, A. (2008). “The Gains and Failures of the Energy Superpower.” Russia in Global
Deutch, John and James Schlesinger, eds. (2006). “The Consequences of U.S. Oil Dependency.”
Council on Foreign Relations.
Medvedev, A. (2008). “Gazprom and European Energy Security.” International Affairs, 54(3).
Moran, D & Russell, J. (eds.) (2008). Energy Security and Global Politics: The Militarization of
Resource Management. New York: Routledge.
Youngquest, W. (1998). “Alternative energy Resources- Myths and Realities”, Electronic Green
Journal, 1(9), pp. 1 – 10.
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