Garden cities, otherwise known as pastoral cities, involve a combination of agriculture and urbanization. Often, it will be in the form of farmland spread throughout the city or on individual property. Having agriculture spread throughout civic centers can provide easy access to organic foods and it can help to reduce the stress of the residents in the city. They could literally step outside and take a breath of fresh air.
There is much evidence for the existence of garden cities throughout history. For example, the city if Xuch in the Mayan empire combined agriculture and residential activities. Citizens would often have small gardens of their own, and there would be larger garden areas spread out between neighborhoods. The Mayans would often intentionally or unintentionally leave organic matter in their gardens, and the decomposing matter would act as a fertilizer. As a result, archaeologists have found evidence of high phosphate conc...
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...ion and beauty aren’t the only impacts garden cities can have on the environment. Climate change is largely caused by excess carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, and the plants and trees that would exist within a garden city could lower the amount of carbon dioxide and produce more of the oxygen necessary for survival.
Bryson, Bill. A Walk in the Woods. New York: Broadway Books, 1999.
Gallanter, Eden. “Ciudad Jardin Lomas Del Palomar: Deriving Ecocity Design Lessons From
A Garden City.” Planning Perspectives 27.2 (2012): 297-307. Academic Search Premier.
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Isendahl, Christian. “Agro-Urban Landscapes: The Example Of Maya Lowland Cities.”
Antiquity 86.334 (2012): 1112-1125. Academic Search Premier. Web 14 Apr. 2014
Siver, Peter Von, Charles Desnoyers, and George B. Stowe. Patterns of World History.
New York: Oxford UP, 2012. Print.
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