Furthermore, movements such as rationalism, empiricism, subjectivism and skepticism were also bought to notice upon which further “enlightenment” was accomplished. The 18th century was a period in which all intellectual, political and social matters were developed. These matters involved science, politics, society and philosophy and together they shaped the modern, western view of the world. Out of the many developments made in the 18th century, rationalism was one that was widely known and was established by one of the many well-known philosophers, René Descartes. By rationalism, Descartes attempted to persuade the application of doubt in any given scenario that can be doubted. In simple terms, it was a way of questioning every proposition under a false light to be able to reach an imp...
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...y that states that only the mind, its contents and its perceptions and ideas exist. Berkeley explained that subjective idealism rejects the idea of materialism or dualism and that anything materialistic is independent of its own reality but just a perception of the mind. He further explained his theory by stating that “to be is to be perceived” which essentially meant that objects such as pens or papers only exist when we, humans, perceive their existence. George Berkeley’s philosophy of subjective idealism played a significant role in understanding the human mind during the 18th century.
The Age of enlightenment also marked the advancements of political theories as three major political revolutions took place during the 18th century. These three revolutions, the English, French and British revolutions identified the basis of modern, constitutional democracies.
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