A. The Beginnings of Jewish Law in the Ancient Period
Jewish Law began when God gave the 10 Commandments to Moses atop Mount Sinai as a way of teaching his people what law was. The only other major set of laws before this time was the Code of Hammurabi. Although the two sets of Laws were very similar, the commandments were specific to God’s divinity and the Jews. The Jewish people took this set of laws with great acceptance and seriousness. The commandments were given to them straight from God, the almighty ruler, as opposed to laws laid down by a king or by a human authority. They had...
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...id so in accordance with the circumstances of the time. In other words, it was inevitable that God and religion would be cut out of law, because law became complicated. Karo wanted a set of laws that gave support to the unique customs of the wide array of jewish communities all over Europe, Asia, and Africa Every Jewish community had their own set of practices and Karo set a standard that could be adapted to each individual. It was meant to blend with other law, thus still allowing for religious laws specific to the region.
Leow, Judah. Netivot Olam.
Karo, Joseph. "Introduction." In Biet Yosef, 1550.
Davis, Joseph. "The Reception of the ‘Shulḥan 'Arukh’ and the Formation of Ashkenazic Jewish Identity." AJS Review 26. 2002
Deshen, Shlomo. "The Varieties of Abandonment of Religious Symbols." Journal for the Scientific Study of Religion 11: 33-41.
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