As the man’s lips grasped the edge of the cup and slurped the hot drink, the reflection of two eyes in the darkened coffee grew tremendously. The man immediately puckered his lips and placed the cup atop the wooden surface with dissatisfaction. His hairy arm was revealed from underneath his cotton shirt as he reached for the glassware containing packets of sweet crystals. He picked up the packets labeled Stalin, Hitler, and World War II, and dumped them into the caffeinated drink. Within seconds, a thick, redolent cream labeled, ‘Totalitarian Governments’ crashed into the coffee with force. A tarnished spoon spun around the outer edges of the cup, combining the crystals and cream together, and, unknowingly creating the themes for the book in which Big Brother would become a regime—this was the cup of George Orwell. Written in 1944, the themes in 1984 are reminiscent of the fascist and totalitarian governments formed in the early twentieth century.
George Orwell is considered to be one of the most creative and expressive political writers of the twentieth century, particularly for his views opposing communism and totalitarian regimes famously expressed in his novel, 1984. Orwell perceived communism as, “A new, dangerous form of totalitarianism, a powerful tool for controlling the masses.” Orwell’s hatred towards communism began with communist leader, Joseph Stalin whom he referred to as, “a bloody-minded master” (Rossi 1). Orwell’s views solidified during his participation in the Spanish Civil War; throughout his experience, Orwell was subject to communist propaganda, which led to his distrust of authority and established hatred of fascist and communist governments (Rossi 2). Orwell’s views, along with his participation ...
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... star” Encyclopedia of Judaism, Encyclopedia of World Religions. New York: Facts On File, Inc., 2006. Modern World History Online. Facts On File, Inc. Web. 13 Apr. 2014.
Orwell, George. 1984. Ed. Erich Fromm. New York: Harcourt, 1949.
Parascandola, Louis J. "Love and Sex in a Totalitarian Society: An Exploration of Ha Jin and George Orwell." Studies in the Humanities 33.1 (June 2005): 38-49. Rpt. in Contemporary Literary Criticism. Vol. 262. Detroit: Gale, 2009. Literature Resource Center. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
Roelofs, H. Mark. "George Orwell's Obscured Utopia." Religion and Literature 19.3 (Summer 1987): 11-33. Rpt. in Twentieth-Century Literary Criticism. Ed. Kathy D. Darrow. Vol. 276. Detroit: Gale, 2013. Literature Resource Center. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
Rossi, John. "Orwell on fascism." Modern Age 54.1-4 (2012): 207+. Literature Resource Center. Web. 12 Apr. 2014.
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