Love is both the foundation and the weakness of a totalitarian regime. At the heart of any totalitarian society, love between two individuals is eliminated because only a relationship between the person and the party and a love for its leader can exist. The totalitarian society depicted throughout the Orwell’s novel 1984 has created a concept of an Orwellian society. Joseph Stalin’s Soviet regime in Russia can be described as Orwellian. The imaginary world of Oceania draws many parallels to the modern day totalitarian regime established by Stalin.
The author manages this by consistently drawing parallels between the state of Ingsoc and that of the Soviet Union. These parallels focus on the dangerous path of dictatorship as both governments they “are not interested in the good of others; [they] are interested solely in power.” (Orwell 301 – 302) Looking solely at the methods of societal control it is evident that Orwell is calling out the communists and drawing the attention of nations to the horror of communist nations as they attempt to control their population. Despite Orwell’s readiness to denounce extreme communism he does not offer any real solution to the issue at hand. He does intimate that maybe the power to overthrow the government lies with the proletariats (89), however he quickly condemns this idea saying that “Until they become conscious they will never rebel and until after they have rebelled they cannot become conscious” (90) suggesting that if a nation were ever to reach this nightmarish level of totalitarianism they would not even know that they could live differently, and then there would be no
Within the ruling class of the Union of Soviet Socialist Republics (USSR) was Joseph Stalin, a strict dictator who believed in the rules of communism, successfully accomplished the main feat: instilling fear within the society. To help enforce this effect, he created a Secret Police to silence the rebellious groups of “Kulaks” as well as several projects to help build his nation. Although Stalin understood that the requirements of communism have similar beliefs to those of the successful governments of Gilead and Oceania, he still had come to his downfall. In Margaret Atwood’s The Handmaid’s Tale and George Orwell’s 1984, the administrations utilize strategies such as mind manipulation to establish a successful foundation, whose outcome differs from other communist rulers that have caused their own demise. Holding similar characteristics, the governments of the Soviet Union, Gilead of The Handmaid’s Tale and Oceania of 1984, all help ensure that their rule is enforced through the creation of a special workforce, placement of citizens into strictly organized groups, and forcing all the people to work for the administration.
This in turn influenced the economic policies that drove the main powers of the Cold War even further apart. By far, the biggest contributor to the formation of the Cold War was the fact that both sides believed the communist Soviet Union and the capitalist west ideologies were incompatible with each other. The essence of the Cold War was seen as the opposition of communism and capitalism (Kishlansky, Geary, and O’Brien 874). This belief was present as soon as 1946, when Winston Churchill gave a speech characterizing the Soviet Union as a government that was capable of trying to “enforce totalitarian systems upon the free democratic world” (Churchill 303). He also contrasted the Soviet Union as a state where control was “enforced upon the common people by… police governments,” while the U.S. and Great Britain embodied “the great principles of freedom and the rights of man” (Churchill 303).
1984 was published in 19... ... middle of paper ... ...ng thought really drives home Orwell’s point that if we allow totalitarianism it will overwhelm anyone and drive out any concept of free will. This world Orwell creates casts light on the psychological manipulation in totalitarian societies that leads to so many other infringements of human nature such as the ability to think for oneself and form your own opinions. This novel does not apply to today’s geopolitical state, however at the time of its original publication it was a great weapon in the fight against Communism. Works Cited Karolides, Nicholas J. Literature Suppressed on Political Grounds.
Kennan accentuates this when he mentions “[Stalin] wanted to hide his fear of foreign socialism and communism, and to disguise the measures he took to defend himself against this danger, behind an apparent concern for the security of the Soviet Union…to this end that he constantly and systematically exaggerated the possibility of hostile military intervention against the soviet state…” (p.251). Joseph Stalin was a ruthless man that disfigured the image of the Soviet Union and destroyed the lives of many people.
Overall, Hitler’s Third Reich was concerned with preservation of power in order to ... ... middle of paper ... ...ng the Holocaust. Orwell’s dystopian novel 1984 warns against a future of “men all over the world [losing] their most human qualities, [becoming] soulless automatons” due to the corruption of modern politics (Fromm 324). The manipulation of truth through propaganda, purging of undesirable elements, and overwhelming desire for power that were expressed as fears in the novel became realities in Hitler’s Third Reich. Both governments imposed oppressive rule in pursuit of a supposed “greater good” but ultimately, the only thing both governments achieved was creating a society of fearful, imprisoned people who lost sight of truth due to the oppressive environments they were living in. Winston, who strongly desires to rebel against the government and despises Big Brother, speaks of the lack of privacy due to the massive amounts of technology monitoring his every move.
The main source of conflict between USA and USSR was the future status of Europe. The USA wanted a democratic capitalist continent that it could influence. The USSR wanted to spread Communism and prevent the disasters of World War II recurring again. While Stalin was a brutal and ruthless dictator responsible for millions of deaths, feared and resented by many eastern Europeans, he actually did not intend to conquer the world. This was the basic misunderstanding which fueled the Cold War: the U.S. government, as well as many private citizens, believed that the Russians were engaged in a world-wide con... ... middle of paper ... ...e of 1954, West Germany was permitted to join NATO.
The argument that both of these book have made is that Stalin, for all of his brutality, was a patient political leader that was concerned about the direction of the Soviet Union. The simplicity of “If you were seen as an obstacle you were removed” workered well for Stalin . Whether that future be political, ideological, or technological, Stalin deemed himself worthy of screening many aspects of Soviet society. Although we do get a portrait of Stalin's domestic life, that was of comparably lesser importance than running a nation with trouble developing a thriving heavy industry, defending itself from outside attacks, and spreading communist ideology. Stalin was a monster, but he built the Soviet Union from into an a world super power state.
Don't mistake that for praise however, Stalin tactics were far too harsh and left his people fearing for their lives. But if we must respect Joseph Stalin for something it’s that he succeeded in his main goal, to strengthen communist Russia.