Preview
Preview

Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication Essay

:: 9 Works Cited
Length: 1615 words (4.6 double-spaced pages)
Rating: Blue      
Open Document
Need writing help? Check your paper »



- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -

When communicating, only a small percent of the exchange is verbal. The larger part of the message is made up of body language or movements, known as nonverbal communication. The reason for people using nonverbal communication is to enhance the message they are sending to the receiver. One way nonverbal communication differs is through cultural differences. Cultural differences have a significant impact on nonverbal communication as cultures differ greatly in their nonverbal interpretations and responses. Firstly, this essay will prove how kinesics can create barriers between people as types of nonverbal cues differ amongst cultures. It will then show that paralinguistics can be based on cultural expectations and this can create stereotyping in cross-cultural communication. Turning to haptics, it will then show that different perspectives on haptics can cause problems in a cross-cultural context. Finally, it will prove that because of different cultural norms, the use of proxemics can be misinterpreted, therefore proving that cultural differences have a significant impact on nonverbal communication.

Kinesics refers to the study of body movements; an understanding of kinesics across culture requires a close look at posture, movement, facial expression, eye contact, and gestures (Tyler, Kossen & Ryan 2005). Particular kinesics do not signify the same meaning for all cultures, the meaning of any kinesics depends on the culture of the expresser and the observer. Kinesics varies from culture to culture; these differences can cause barriers between people from different cultures, it can also create barriers between two countries. For example, Bill Richardson tells of a time when he went to Iraq to negotiate the release of two U.S...


... middle of paper ...


...Cited

Delgado, R & Kobayashi, T 2011. Proceedings of the Paralinguistic Information and its Integration in Spoken Dialogue Systems Workshop. 1st ed. Springer.

Richmond, V & McCroskey, J 2011. Nonverbal Behavior in Interpersonal Relations. 7th ed. Allyn & Bacon.

Knapp, M & Hall, J 2009. Communication in Human Interaction. 7th ed. Wadsworth Publishing.

Laver, J, 1994. Principles of Phonetics . Cambridge University Press.

Remland, M, 2008. Nonverbal Communication in Everyday Life . 3rd ed. Allyn & Bacon.

Hall, E, 1990. The Hidden Dimension. Anchor.

Tyler, S, Kossen, C & Ryan, C 2002, Communication: A foundation Course, Prentice Hall, Sydney.

Hall, E, 1990. Understanding cultural Differences: Germans, French and Americans. Nicholas Brealey Publishing .

Harper, R, 1978. Nonverbal communication: The State of the Art. New York: John Wiley & Sons.


Click the button above to view the complete essay, speech, term paper, or research paper

Need Writing Help?

Get feedback on grammar, clarity, concision and logic instantly.

Check your paper »







This essay is 100% guaranteed.


Title Length Color Rating  
Cultural Differences in Nonverbal Communication Essay - When communicating, only a small percent of the exchange is verbal. The larger part of the message is made up of body language or movements, known as nonverbal communication. The reason for people using nonverbal communication is to enhance the message they are sending to the receiver. One way nonverbal communication differs is through cultural differences. Cultural differences have a significant impact on nonverbal communication as cultures differ greatly in their nonverbal interpretations and responses....   [tags: Communication ]
:: 9 Works Cited
1615 words
(4.6 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Essay on Cultural Differences in Communication - The term “culture” refers to the complex accumulation of knowledge, folklore, language, rules, rituals, habits, lifestyles, attitudes, beliefs, and customs that link and provide a general identity to a group of people. Cultures take a long time to develop. There are many things that establish identity give meaning to life, define what one becomes, and how one should behave. Distribution and exercise of power shape attitudes towards authority. How people sustain themselves economically, and how they manage to obtain the necessities of life, determines assigned roles of individuals and the relationships among them....   [tags: Cross Cultural Communication]
:: 5 Works Cited
1414 words
(4 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Nonverbal Communication Essay - We all communicate at work; it is done for many reasons: sales, colleague to colleague, to build friendships, to persuade someone, to lead or teach, and more. Edward G. Wertheim, Ph.D. says “People in organizations typically spend over 75% of their time in interpersonal situations” (Wertheim P. 1). Communication in the workplace is essential and occurs every day; everyone is capable of communicating and we all do, but that doesn’t mean we are effective communicators. I am going to focus on the importance of becoming a more effective communicator in the workplace through nonverbal communication....   [tags: Communication ]
:: 8 Works Cited
1423 words
(4.1 pages)
Powerful Essays [preview]
Cultural Competence and Intercultural Communication Essay - When individuals or groups from different cultures communicate, this process is called intercultural communication. The transaction process of listening and responding to people from different cultural backgrounds can be challenging. The greater the difference in culture between two people, the greater the potential of misunderstanding and mistrust. Misunderstanding and miscommunication occur between people from different cultures because of different coding rules and cultural norms, which play a major role in shaping the patterns of interaction (Jandt, 2012)....   [tags: cultural training, nurses, patients]
:: 3 Works Cited
1667 words
(4.8 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Internet on Nonverbal and Intercultural Communication Essays - The international business environment has changed rapidly in the growing global markets. Most companies not only operate in their domestic market, but they also operate in foreign business markets where they have to struggle with different languages and cultures. The differences within intercultural communication are the most challenging problems. Therefore, the internet helps companies deal successfully with these challenges and gives them the opportunity to be ‘global’. Additionally, new technologies enable companies to make huge video conferences, allowing non-verbal communication be possible all over the world....   [tags: Technology, Globalization, Economy] 1062 words
(3 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Nonverbal Communication Expresses Worldwide Emotion Essay - Introduction Nonverbal communication expresses meaning or feeling without words. Universal emotions, such as happiness, fear, sadness, are expressed in a similar nonverbal way throughout the world. There are, But, nonverbal differences across cultures that may be a source of confusion for foreigners. Let's look at the way people express sadness. In many cultures, such as the Arab and Iranian cultures, people express grief openly. They mourn out loud, while people from other cultures are more subdued....   [tags: language, culture, arab] 2254 words
(6.4 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Cross-Cultural Conflict and Communication Barriers Essay - Introduction In this essay, I will be discussing ways in which cross-cultural conflict may arise, and ways to overcome these communication barriers. Effective communication between people of the same cultural background is complex and challenging at the best of times. Trying to understand and have good, effective communication between people from different cultural backgrounds is even more challenging. When counsellors engage with clients from different culture backgrounds, there can often be misunderstandings that occur through misinterpreting a certain cultural norm that is prevalent in one’s culture but is not in the others....   [tags: effective communication, misunderstanding]
:: 2 Works Cited
1086 words
(3.1 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
The Effects of Nonverbal Cues Essay examples - Communication is a vital form of survival for most breathing life forms, including the human population. Communication is defined as a form of symbolic expressions to create meaning. There are two types of communication: verbal and nonverbal. Verbal communication is directing messages from one party to another through sound. Nonverbal communication has more depth to it; there is more meaning in its nonverbal gestures such as body language. Albert Mehrabin is a UCLA Professor who developed a rule stating messages sent from one person to another are mostly received through nonverbal forms ("Non Verbal Communication", 2013)....   [tags: Communication, Interpersonal Relationships]
:: 4 Works Cited
1103 words
(3.2 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]
Essay on Chinese Culture and Communication: Chinese Culture and Communication - ... One must be able to understand the values, attitudes and belief of another culture to communicate successfully. Though too often stereotypes and prejudice stand in the way of effective communication. As Balsmeier and Heck (1994) state, “people tend to make judgements about others based on observed behaviour”, preventing people learning about the true aspects of a culture (Balsmeier and Heck, 1994). Individuals should be able to go beyond negative stereotypes and generalisations (Tannen, 1984)....   [tags: verbal and nonverbal , prejudices] 1587 words
(4.5 pages)
Term Papers [preview]
Essay about Nonverbal Communication - Nonverbal expressions of emotions are not consciously controlled, lending them to being more basal and honest. “It is difficult to bring nonverbal behavior under conscious control. […] The behavior is automatic, an unconscious reflex.” (Berko et al 100) Researchers from Darwin to Leathers have studied the universality outward display of emotions and how they can be nonverbally expressed through facial expressions, stature, and the eyes. Facial expression is by nature a basal response. Looking at the face to read these basal emotional responses starts in infancy....   [tags: Human Bhavior and Expressions] 313 words
(0.9 pages)
Strong Essays [preview]