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The U.S.-Mexican War was a violent and shattering event for Mexican citizens that lasted from 1846-1848 in what is now the state of Texas. It drastically altered the course of Mexican and American history for years to come. It occurred because of the unsettled disputes about the borders of newly annexed Texas. Once the debilitating battle ended, the United States emerged a world power having acquired more than 500,000 square miles of valuable territory. There are many potentially feasible explanations on the cause of the war; including, fault laying with American slaveholders for conquest of Mexico, the war as an American plot and responsibility lying with President Polk of the United States. However, this paper focuses on the three concrete theories of Manifest Destiny, which is the belief that the U.S. has the right and responsibility to expand its borders outward, the Texas War of Independence and the expansion of slavery being the most influential causes to spark the war. The United States’ ruthlessness and insatiability could be seen, especially at the culmination of the war, in a vulgar and unscrupulous annexation of more than half of Mexico with the signing of the Treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo. Mexico did not invade the U.S. or instigate war; all it did was to defend itself against the U.S. and its oppressive extension and yet it was forced to concede to the demands of the U.S. The implications for the actions of this war left lasting impressions on the former and future citizens of both countries.
While the U.S. maintained its belief that it was destined to expand itself from ocean to ocean, it caused a large amount of conflict and sorrow for citizens living within Mexico. Dispute first began after the U.S. surrounded the n...

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Pletcher, David M. “Annexation Completed and The Push to the Pacific.” In The Diplomacy of Annexation: Texas, Oregon, and the Mexican War, 172-226. Columbia: University of Missouri Press, 1973.
Robinson, Cecil, ed. The View from Chapultepec: Mexican Writers on the Mexican American War. Tucson: University of Arizona Press, 1979.
Ruiz, Ramon Eduardo, ed. The Mexican War: Was It Manifest Destiny? New York: Holt, Rinehart & Winston, 1963.
Smith, Justin H. “The Relations Between the United States and Mexico 1825-1846, The Mexican Attitude on the Eve of War and The American Attitude on the Eve of War.” In The War with Mexico, 58-137. Volume 1. Norwood, Mass.: Norwood Press, 1919.
Vazquez, Josefina. “War and Peace with the United States.” In The Oxford History of Mexico, 339-69. Edited by Michael C. Meyer and William H. Beezley. New York: Oxford University Press, 2000.

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